• Carlo Nicola De Cecco
  • Marco Rengo
Part of the A-Z Notes in Radiological Practice and Reporting book series (AZRPR)

Magnetohydrodynamic Effect

  • Anomalous voltage detected by ECG caused by ions in the blood influenced by the magnetic field.

  • Leads to ECG alterations on the T waves, which appears largest.

Major Aortopulmonary Collateral Arteries

  • MAPCAs: arteries originating from descending aorta and transverse aortic arch to vascularize the lungs.

  • Usually associated with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect.

  • Describe origin caliber, course, relationship with airways, and pulmonary territories supplied.

  • Abrupt reduction in caliber of MAPCAs is protecting the pulmonary circulation from higher systemic pressure.

  • MAPCAs visualization: CT > MR.

Marfan Syndrome

  • Autosomal dominant mutations in fibrillin gene.

  • Incidence: 1/5,000–10,000.

  • Cardiovascular anomalies: (1) ascending aorta dilatation with sinus of Valsalva involvement; (2) aortic dissection; (3) aortic valve regurgitation; (4) mitral valve prolapse and regurgitation; (4) main pulmonary artery dilatation; (5) mitral annulus calcification; (6)...


Mitral Valve Infective Endocarditis Papillary Muscle Rheumatic Heart Disease Marfan Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Morris MF et al (2010) CT and MR imaging of the mitral valve: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics 30:1603–1620CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Stillman AE et al (2011) Assessment of acute myocardial infarction: current status and recommendation from the North America society of cardiovascular imaging and the European society of cardiac radiology. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 27:7–24PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Thavendiranathan P et al (2012) Quantitative assessment of mitral regurgitation: validation of new methods. J Am Coll Cardiol 60:1470–1483CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Warnes CA et al (2008) ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease. Circulation 118:e714–e833CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Yilmaz A, et al. (2012) Role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the diagnosis of acute and chronic myocarditis. Heart Fail Rev. 2012 Oct 18 [Epub ahead of print]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Nicola De Cecco
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marco Rengo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiological Sciences, Oncology and PathologySapienza University of Rome-Polo PontinoLatinaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Radiological SciencesMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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