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Disturbi della cognizione sociale e le loro conseguenze psicosociali

  • R. RonconeEmail author
  • L. Giusti
  • M. Mazza
  • M. Casacchia

Riassunto

La cognizione sociale è stata definita come l’insieme delle funzioni mentali che consentono agli individui di una stessa specie di interagire tra loro (Frith e Frith, 2007). Essa include la capacità di percepire e interpretare il comportamento altrui in termini di stati mentali e intenzioni, di concettualizzare le relazioni tra individui e di utilizzare tali informazioni per guidare il proprio comportamento e predire quello degli altri (Adolphs, 2001, 2003; Casacchia et al., 2004; Adolphs, 2010). In altre parole, la cognizione sociale è un costrutto cognitivo che comprende una vasta gamma di conoscenze e abilità di tipo sociale ed emozionale, che maturano nel corso dell’evoluzione dell’individuo consentendogli di modulare il proprio comportamento in riferimento all’organizzazione sociale a cui appartiene (Brothers, 1990). La compromissione della cognizione sociale comporta un’incapacità nel costruire relazioni appropriate con gli altri, problemi nella vita sociale e difficoltà di adattamento alle continue e multiple richieste di un contesto sociale complesso ed eterogeneo.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica, Sanità Pubblica, Scienze della Vita e dell’AmbienteUniversità degli Studi dell’AquilaItaly

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