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Tecniche di rimedio cognitivo nella schizofrenia: ambiti di intervento ed evidenze di efficacia

  • A. VitaEmail author
  • S. Barlati
  • L. De Peri
  • G. Deste

Riassunto

Il rimedio cognitivo si pone l’obiettivo di migliorare e/o ripristinare le funzioni cognitive utilizzando un ampio spettro di strategie. Le più recenti strategie si basano sul modello di recovery piuttosto che su quello di deficit (Lieberman et al., 2008). Gli interventi di rimedio cognitivo possono essere classificati secondo due principali modelli: compensatorio e riparativo/restorativo (Medalia e Choi, 2009). Gli interventi di tipo compensatorio cercano di eliminare o bypassare il deficit cognitivo, facendo affidamento sulle abilità cognitive residue e/o sulle risorse ambientali (Velligan et al., 2000; 2002), mentre gli interventi di tipo ripartivo/restorativo si basano sulle conoscenze acquisite nel campo delle neuroscienze, con particolare riferimento alla plasticità neurale, alla possibilità di una concreta riparazione dei processi neurali compromessi e alla capacità da parte del cervello di svilupparsi ed evolvere per tutta la durata della vita (Lindenmayer et al., 2008; Wexler et al., 2000).

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e SperimentaliSezione di Neuroscienze Università di BresciaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Salute MentaleAzienda Ospedaliera Spedali Civili di BresciaItaly

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