Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography in Intensive Care

Chapter

Abstract

Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography is a reproducible, affordable, noninvasive tool for studying cerebral hemodynamics at the bedside in intensive care units. Although it is not the gold standard for cerebral blood flow measurements, TCD ultrasonography gives reliable information regarding indirect indexes of cerebral hemodynamics. Common applications in intensive care units are well represented by recording the onset and course of cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage, as well as by monitoring the hemodynamic effects of increasing intracranial pressure secondary to severe brain injury. By applying strictly defined criteria, TCD ultrasonography is an additional tool for the assessment of brain death.

Keywords

Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography Brain injury Cerebral vasospasm Brain death 

Reference

  1. 1.
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Further Reading

  1. Bacalli S, Cencetti S, Cipriani M, Lagi A (1992) Débit sanguin cérébral et âge. Etude par Doppler trans-crânien tridimensionnel. JEMU 13:260–263 Google Scholar
  2. Lysakowsky C, Walder B, Costanza MC, Tramer MR, Lysakowsky C, Walder B, Costanza MC, Tramer MR (2001) Transcranial Doppler versus angiography in patients with vasospasm due to ruptured cerebral aneurysm. Stroke 32:2292–2298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Newell DW, Aaslid R (1992) Transcranial Doppler. In: Aaslid R, Newell DW (eds) Transcranial Doppler. Raven, New York, pp 9–33Google Scholar
  4. Steiner LA, Andrews PJD, Steiner LA, Andrews PJD (2006) Monitoring the injured brain: ICP and CBF. Br J Anaesth 97:26–38PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Wijdicks EFM (2001) The diagnosis of brain death. New Engl J Med 2001(344):1215–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UO Emergency MedicineSanta Maria Nuova HospitalFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Intensive Care UnitSanta Maria Nuova HospitalFlorenceItaly

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