Physical Exercise and Transplantation

  • Valentina DelmonteEmail author
  • Vincenzo Lauriola
  • Rodolfo Alejandro
  • Camillo Ricordi


The Global Observatory on Donation and Transplantation (a division of the World Health Organization, WHO) in 2009 reported that an estimated 104,650 transplants were performed in 89 countries (72,100 kidney, 21,175 liver, 5405 heart, 3650 lung, 2320 pancreas). This number represents an increase of 4% since 2008 but less than 10% of the global need.


Physical Activity Metabolic Syndrome Transplant Recipient Resistance Training Renal Transplant Recipient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Garber C, Blissmer B, Deschenes M et al (2011) American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Prescribing Exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1334–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.
    Painter P (2005) Exercise following organ transplantation: a critical part of the routine post transplant care. Ann Transplant 10: 28–30Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Kjzr M, Beyer N, Secher N (1999) Exercise and organ transplantation. Scand J Med Sci Sports 9: 1–14.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Drummond M, Fry C, Glynn E et al (2009) Rapamycin administration in humans blocks the contraction-induced increase in skeletal muscle protein synthesis J Physiol 587: 1535–1546PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 6.
    Painter P, Topp K, Krasnoff J et al (2003) Health-related fitness and quality of life following steroid withdrawal in renal transplant recipients. Kidney Int 63: 2309–2316PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 7.
    Vitro A, Krasnoff J, Painter P (2002) Roles of nutrition and physical activity in musculoskeletal complications before and after liver transplantation. AACN Clin Issues 13: 333–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 8.
    Pina I, Apstein C, Balady G et al (2003) Exercise and heart failure a statement from the American heart association committee on exercise, rehabilitation and prevention. Circulation 107:1210–25.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 9.
    Ward H (2009) Nutritional and Metabolic Issues in Solid Organ Transplantation: Targets for Future Research. J Ren Nutr 19: 111–122PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.
    Armstrong K, Rakhit D, Jeffriess L et al (2006) Cardiorespiratory fitness is related to physical inactivity, metabolic risk factors and atherosclerotic burden in glucose-intollerant renal transplant recipients. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 1: 1275–1283PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 11.
    Sharif A (2010) Metabolic Syndrome and Solid-Organ Transplantation. Am J Transplant 10(1): 12–17PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 12.
    Poggioli R, Enfield G, Messinger S et al (2008) Nutritional status and behavior in subjects with type 1 diabetes, before and after islet transplantation. Transplantation 85: 501–506PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 13.
    Nabipour I, Vahdat K, Jafari S et al (2006) The association of metabolic syndrome and Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus type 1: The Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol 5: 25–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 14.
    De Vries A, Bakker S, van Son W et al (2004) Metabolic syndrome is associated with impaired long-term renal allograft function; not all component criteria contribute equally. Am J Transplant 4: 1675–1683PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 15.
    Surgit O, Ersoz G, Gursel Y, Ersol S (2001) Effects of exercise training on specific immune parameters in transplant recipients. Transplant Proc 33: 3298PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 16.
    Luzi L, Codella R, Lauriola V et al (2011) Immunomodulatory Effects of Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (being published)Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    Schulman L, Estenne M (2003) Effect of transplantation on lung and exercise physiology. Eur Respir Mon 26: 220–242Google Scholar
  17. 18.
    Bartels M, Armstrong H, Gerardo R et al (2011) Evaluation of pulmonary function and exercise performance by cardiopulmonary exercise testing before and after lung transplantation. Chest prepublished online june 16Google Scholar
  18. 19.
    Wickerson L, Mathur S, Brooks D (2010) Exercise training after lung transplantation: a systematic rewiew. J Heart Lung Transplant 29: 497–503PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 20.
    Galant L, Ferrari R, Forgiarini L et al (2010) Relationship Between MELD severity score and the distance walked and respiratory muscle strength in candidates for liver transplantation. Transplant Proc 42: 1729–1730PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 21.
    Pagadala M, Dasarathy S, Eghtesad B, McCullough AJ (2009) Posttransplant metabolic syndrome: an epidemic waiting to happen. Liver Transpl 15:1662–1670PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 22.
    ADA (2011) Executive summary: standards of medical care in diabetes-2011 Diabetes Care 34: S4–10Google Scholar
  22. 23.
    Codella R, Delmonte V, La Torre A, Luzi L (2011) Exercise in an Islet-transplanted non-pro marathon-runner: Effects on Training, Autoimmunity and Metabolic Profile (in press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentina Delmonte
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vincenzo Lauriola
    • 1
  • Rodolfo Alejandro
    • 1
  • Camillo Ricordi
    • 1
  1. 1.Diabetes Research InstituteUniversity of Miami, Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations