Although only a limited number of surgical procedures to treat anal fissure have been described in the literature, many surgical procedures are available to treat hemorrhoids. We know that there are also many possible complications of hemorrhoid surgery. Early complications include hemorrhage; somewhat later there may be abscess formation, and over the long-term incontinence (Hall and Goldberg, 2003).


Anal Canal Anal Fissure Internal Sphincter Anal Stenosis Staple Hemorrhoidopexy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario Pescatori
    • 1
  1. 1.Coloproctology UnitArs Medica Hospital and La Sapienza UniversityRomeItaly

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