The HUMAN Project: Model-Based Analysis of Human Errors During Aircraft Cockpit System Design

  • Andreas Lüdtke
  • Denis Javaux
  • the HUMAN Consortium
Conference paper

Abstract

The objective of the HUMAN project is to develop a methodology with techniques and prototypical tools supporting the prediction of human errors in ways that are usable and practical for human-centred design of systems operating in complex cockpit environments. The current approach of analysing systems is error prone as well as costly and time-consuming (based on engineering judgement, operational feedback from similar aircraft, and simulator-based experiments). The HUMAN methodology allows to detect potential pilot errors more accurately and earlier (in the design) and with reduced effort. The detection of errors is achieved by developing and validating a cognitive model of crew behaviour. Cognitive models are a means to make knowledge about characteristic human capabilities and limitations readily available to designers in an executable form. They have the potential to automate parts of the analysis of human errors because they offer the opportunity to simulate the interaction with cockpit systems under various conditions and to predict cognitive processes like the assessment of situations and the resulting choice of actions including erroneous actions. In this way they can be used as a partial “substitute” for human pilots in early development stages when design changes are still feasible and affordable. Model- and simulation-based approaches are already well-established for many aspects of the study, design and manufacture of a modern airliner (e.g., aerodynamics, aircraft systems, engines), for the very same objective of detecting potential problems earlier and reducing the amount of testing required at a later stage. HUMAN extends the modelling approach to the interaction of flight crews with cockpit systems.

Keywords

Human Error Analysis Cognitive Modelling Aircraft Cockpits Pilot-Cockpit Interaction 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 21988 Project HUMAN

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia Srl 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Lüdtke
    • 1
  • Denis Javaux
    • 2
  • the HUMAN Consortium
  1. 1.OFFIS Institute for Information TechnologyOldenburgGermany
  2. 2.Next Step SolutionsLiègeBelgium

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