Human Factors Engineering in Train Cab Design—Prospects and Problems

  • Lena Kecklund
  • A. Mowitz
  • M. Dimgard
Conference paper



The railway sector in Europe is currently going through major technical and organizational changes resulting in a more complex system with more interfaces between organizations and technologies. These changes require risk management of the interfaces between HuMans, Technologies and Organizations (MTO). The purpose of this paper is to discuss such changes and interfaces related to the train driver’s work task.


The paper presents some of the changes in the train driver’s work task as well as risks identified related to these changes.


Examples of new risk situations for the train driver involves information overload and divided attention between information inside and outside the train cab.


The paper highlights the need for a systematic work process within the railway sector in general to manage issues related to the interaction between MTO.


Train driver Railway ERTMS Human factors Engineering MTO 


  1. 1.
    Bourne A, Carey M (2001) Integrating human factors into the development of railway systems. In: People in control: an international conference on human interfaces in control rooms, cockpits and command centres, 19–21 June 2001, Conference Publication No. 481, pp 25–30Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Davis G (2001) Human factors integration for Thameslink 2000. In: People in control: an international conference on human interfaces in control rooms, cockpits and command centres, 19–21 June 2001, Conference Publication No. 481, pp 31–35Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dimgård M, Kecklund L (2010) Erfarenheterna av ett tågprojekt (Experiences from a vehicle purchase project). MTO Säkerhet AB, Stockholm (in Swedish)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elliott AC, Garner SD, Grimes E (2007) The cognitive tasks of the driver: the approach and passage through diverging junctions. In: Wilson JR, Norris B, Clarke T, Mills A (eds) People and rail systems: human factors at the heart of the railway. Ashgate, Aldershot, pp 115–181Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    European Railway Agency (2009, April 14) ETCS driver machine interface (ERA_ERTMS_015560. Version 2.3). Retrieved 20 May 2010, from
  6. 6.
    Ingre M, Söderström M, Kecklund G, Åkerstedt T, Kecklund L (2000) Train drivers work situation. Working hours, sleep, stress and safety. Stress Research Report No. 292. Stockholm, Rapport från Institutet för psykosocial medicin (IPM) (in Swedish)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jansson A, Olsson E, Kecklund L (2005) Acting or reacting? Human factors in rail. In: Wilson JR, Norris B, Clarke T, Mills A (eds) Rail human factors: supporting the integrated railway. Ashgate, Aldershot, pp 40–50Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kecklund G, Åkerstedt T, Ingre M, Söderström M (1999) Train drivers' working conditions and their impact on safety, stress and sleepiness: a literature review, analyses of accidents and schedules. Stress Research Reports No. 288. National Institute for Psychosocial factors and Health, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kecklund L, Ingre M, Kecklund G, Soderström M, Åkerstedt T, Lindberg E, Jansson A, Olsson E, Sandblad B, Almqvist P (2001) The TRAIN-project: railway safety and the train driver information environment and work situation—a summary of the main results. Signaling Safety, 26–27Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kecklund L, Davidsson G (2010) Riskanalys av organisatoriska förutsättningar för införande och drift av ERTMS. Report from ERIS project, Swedish Transportation Administration, 2010 (in Swedish)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    NRC (2004) Human factors engineering program review model (NUREG-0711), Rev. 2. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Oppenheim I, Shinar D, Carsten O, Barnard Y, Lai F, Vanderhaegen F, Polet P, Enjalbert S, Pichon M, Hasewinkel H, Lützhöft M, Kircher A, Kecklund L (2009) Critical state of the art and unified models of driver behavior, Report from Iterate Project European Commission DG Research AFP7 Collaborative Project Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reinach S, Jones M (2007) An introduction to human systems integration (HSI) in the U.S. railroad industry. Federal Railroad Administration, WashingtonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia Srl 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MTO SafetyStockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations