Skip to main content

Disturbi da abuso di sostanze

  • Chapter

Riassunto

Sin dai tempi della Bibbia, sappiamo che l’alcol è spesso associato a violenza e comportamenti fuori controllo. Rispetto alle altre sostanze chimiche di abuso, solo l’alcol aumenta direttamente e comunemente l’aggressività (Roth, 1994). Al contrario, per le droghe illegali, è il loro commercio ad essere più spesso associato ad episodi di violenza: conflittualità tra i distributori, discussioni e rapine tra compratori e venditori, furti per raccogliere soldi per la droga (Roth, 1994). L’alcol ha proprietà sedative sulla funzionalità delle regioni frontali del cervello, addette all’elaborazione e all’integrazione delle risposte cognitive necessarie per prendere decisioni più giudiziose e meditate. Quasi un terzo della popolazione adulta degli Stati Uniti beve un quantitativo di alcol tale da aumentare il rischio di problemi sociali, fisici o di salute mentale [National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), 2004].

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-88-470-1738-2_8
  • Chapter length: 18 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   69.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-88-470-1738-2
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliografia

  • Abbey A, Zawacki T, Buck PO et al (2001) Alcohol and sexual assault. Alcohol Res Health 25:43–51

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Alcohol and Public Health Research Unit. Alcohol and violence: What’s the connection? n.d. Available at:http://www.aphru.ac.nz/hot/violence.htm. Accessed March 6, 2007

  • American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed, Text revision. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Anton RF, O’Malley SS, Ciraulo DA et al (2006) Combined pharmacotherapies and behavioral interventions for alcohol dependence. JAMA 295:2003–2017

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Bahlmann M, Preuss UW, Soyka M (2002) Chronological relationship between antisocial personality disorder and alcohol dependence. Eur Addict Res 8:195–200

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Beck JC (2004) Delusions, substance abuse, and serious violence. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 32:169–172

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Benson BL, Rasmussen DW, Zimmerman PR (2001) The Impact of Alcohol Control Policies on the Incidence of Violent Crime. Final report submitted to National Institute of Justice, Grant No. 99-IJ-CX-0041 Available from NCJRS (NCJ 191199). Available at http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/191199.pdf. Accessed July 1, 2007

  • Bradshaw D, Spencer C (1999) The role of alcohol in elder abuse cases. In: Pritchard J (ed) Elder Abuse Work: Best Practice in Britain and Canada. Jessica Kingsley, London, pp 332–353

    Google Scholar 

  • Caetano R, Cunradi CB, Clark CL et al (2000) Intimate partner violence and drinking patterns among white, black, and Hispanic couples in the U.S. J Subst Abuse 11:123–138

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Carroll KM, Fenton L, Ball S et al (2004) Efficacy of disulfiram and cognitive behavior therapy in cocaine-dependent outpatients. Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:264–272

    PubMed Central  PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Cloninger CR, Bohman M, Sigvardsson S (1981) Inheritance of alcohol abuse: crossfostering analysis of adopted men. Arch Gen Psychiatry 38:861–868

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Czoty PW, Morgan D, Shannon EE et al (2004) Characterization of dopamine D1 and D2 receptor function in socially housed cynomolgus monkeys self-administering cocaine. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 174:381–388

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Dackis C (2005) Drug Des Discov 2:79–86

    Google Scholar 

  • Dackis C, O’Brien C (2005) Neurobiology of addiction: treatment and public policy ramifications. Nat Neurosci 8:1431–1436

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Dawson DA, Grant BF, Li TK (2005) Quantifying the risks associated with exceeding recommended drinking limits. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:902–908

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Department of Social Development (2001) Mothers and fathers of the nation: the forgotten people. The Ministerial report on abuse, neglect and ill-treatment of older persons. Department of Social Development, South Africa. Available at www.info.gov.za/documents/subjectdocs/subject/social.htm. Accessed March 10, 2007

  • Drapkin ML, McCrady BS, Swingle JM et al (2005) Exploring bi-directional couple violence in a clinical sample of female alcoholics. J Stud Alcohol 66:213–219

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Emrick CD, Tonigan JS, Little L (1993) Alcoholics Anonymous: What is currently known? In: McCready VX, Miller WR (eds) Research in Alcoholics Anonymous: Opportunities and Alternatives. Rutgers Center for Alcohol Studies, Piscataway, NJ, pp 41–76

    Google Scholar 

  • Fals-Stewart W (2003) The occurrence of partner physical aggression on days of alcohol consumption: a longitudinal diary study. J Consult Clin Psychol 71:45–52

    Google Scholar 

  • Finger S, Stein DF (1982) Brain Damage and Recovery. Academic Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Friedman RA (2006) Violence and mental illness: how strong is the link? N Engl J Med 355:2064–2066

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Fuller RK, Branchey L, Brightwell DR et al (1986) Disulfiram treatment of alcoholism: a Veterans Administration cooperative study. JAMA 256:1449–1455

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gelles RJ (1985) Family violence. Annu Rev Sociol 11:347–367

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Gianoulakis C, Krishnan B, Thavundayil J (1996) Enhanced sensitivity of pituitary beta-endorphin to ethanol in subjects at high risk of alcoholism. Arch Gen Psychiatry 53:250–257

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Goldstein PJ (1985) The drugs/violence nexus: a tripartite conceptual framework. J Drug Issues 15:493–506

    Google Scholar 

  • Greenberg JR, McKibben M, Raymond JA (1990) Dependent adult children and elder abuse. J Elder Abuse Negl 2:73–86

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Grusser SM, Wrase J, Klein S et al (2004) Cue-induced activation of the striatum and medial prefrontal cortex is associated with subsequent relapse in abstinent alcoholics. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 175:296–302

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Hayward L, Zubrick SR, Silburn S (1992) Blood alcohol levels in suicide cases. J Epidemiol Community Health 46:256–260

    PubMed Central  PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • HBO: Addiction (television series). Home Box Office, 2007. Materials and DVD available at http://www.hbo.com/addiction. Accessed April 22, 2007

  • Hunt GP, Laidler KJ (2001) Alcohol and violence in the lives of gang members. Alcohol Res Health 25:66–71

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson BA, Ait-Daoud N, Bowden CL et al (2003) Oral topiramate for treatment of alcohol dependence: a randomized controlled trial. Lancet 17:1677–1685

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson BA, Roache JD, Javors MA et al (2000) Ondansetron for reduction of drinking among biologically predisposed alcoholic patients. JAMA 284:963–971

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kampman KM, Pettinati H, Lynch KG et al (2004) A pilot trial of topiramate for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend 75:233–240

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Koss MP (1988) Hidden rape: sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of students in higher education. In: Burgess AW (ed) Rape and Sexual Assault, Vol 2. Garland, New York, pp 3–25

    Google Scholar 

  • Krug EG, Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA et al (2002) World Report on Violence and Health. World Heath Organization, Geneva

    Google Scholar 

  • Krystal JH, Cramer JA, Krol WF et al (2001) Naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. N Engl J Med 345:1734–1739

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Langevin R, Ben-Aron M, Wortzman G et al (1987) Brain damage, diagnosis, and substance abuse among violent offenders. Behav Sci Law 5:77–94

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lindqvist P (1986) Criminal homicide in northern Sweden 1970–1981: alcohol intoxication, alcohol abuse and mental disease. Int J Law Psychiatry 8:19–37

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Lipsey MW, Wilson DB, Cohen MA et al (1997) Is there a causal relationship between alcohol use and violence? A synthesis of evidence. In: Galanter M (ed) Recent Developments in Alcoholism, vol 13: Alcoholism and Violence. Plenum, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Macdonald S, Wells S, Giesbrecht N et al (1999) Demographic and substance use factors related to violent and accidental injuries: results from an emergency room study. Drug Alcohol Depend 55:53–61

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Marzuk PM, Tardiff K, Leon AC et al (1995) Fatal injuries after cocaine use as a leading cause of death among young adults in New York City. N Engl J Med 332:1753–1757

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • McElroy SL, Arnold LM, Shapira NA et al (2003) Topiramate in the treatment of binge eating disorder associated with obesity: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Psychiatry 160:255–261

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • McGlynn EA, Asch SM, Adams J et al (2003) The quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. N Engl J Med 348:2635–2645

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Merrill J, Milker G, Owens J et al (1992) Alcohol and attempted suicide. Addiction 87:83–89

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Miczek KA (1987) The Pharmacology of Aggression. In: Iversen LL, Iversen SD, Snyder SH (eds) Handbook of Psychopharmacology, vol 19. Plenum, New York, p 257

    Google Scholar 

  • Murdoch D, Pihl RO, Ross D (1990) Alcohol and crimes of violence: present issues. Int J Addict 25:1065–1081

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [NIAAA] (Dec. 17, 1996) NIAAA reports Project MATCH main findings. Available at http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/NewsEvents/NewsReleases/match.htm. Accessed March 10, 2007

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2004) Unpublished data from the 2001–2002

    Google Scholar 

  • National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. (2007) Psychiatr Serv 58:424

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (Updated 2005 ed) Helping Patients Who Drink Too Much: A Clinician’s Guide. Available at http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/guide

  • National Institute of Mental Health: Suicide Prevention. Available at http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/suicide-prevention/index.shtml. Accessed March 31, 2007

  • O’Malley SS, Jaffe AJ, Change G et al (1992) Naltrexone and coping skills therapy for alcohol dependence: a controlled study. Arch Gen Psychiatry 49:881–887

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pescosolido BA, Fettes DL, Martin JK et al (2007) Perceived dangerousness of children with mental health problems and support for coerced treatment. Psychiatr Serv 58:619–625

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Pihl RO, Lemarquand D (1998) Serotonin and aggression in the alcohol-aggression relationship. Alcohol Alcohol 33:55–65

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Presley CA, Leichliter JS, Meilman PW (1998) Alcohol and Drugs on American College Campuses: A Report to College Presidents: Third in a Series, 1995, 1996, 1997. Core Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

    Google Scholar 

  • Ramisetty-Mikler S, Caetano R (2005) Alcohol use and intimate partner violence as predictors of separation among U.S. couples: a longitudinal model. J Stud Alcohol 66:205–212

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rammes G, Mahal B, Putzke J et al (2001) The anti-craving compound acamprosate acts as a weak NMDA-receptor antagonist, but modulates NMDA-receptor subunit expression similar to memantine and MK-801. Neuropharmacology 40:749–776

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Ray LA, Hutchison KE (2007) Effects of naltrexone on alcohol sensitivity and genetic moderators of medication response. Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:1069–1077

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Regier DA, Farmer ME, Rae DS et al (1990) Comorbidity of mental disorders with alcohol and other drug abuse. JAMA 264:2511–2518

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Roth JA (1994) Psychoactive Substances and Violence. National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Saitz R (2005) Clinical practice: unhealthy alcohol use. N Engl J Med 352:596–607

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Salinsky MC, Storzbach D, Spencer DC et al (2005) Effects of topiramate and gabapentin on cognitive abilities in healthy volunteers. Neurology 64:792–798

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Spunt BJ, Goldstein PJ, Bellucci PA et al (1990) Race/ethnicity and gender differences in the drugs-violence relationship. J Psychoactive Drugs 22:293–303

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Steadman HJ, Mulvey EP, Monahan J et al (1998) Violence by people discharged from acute psychiatric inpatient facilities and by others in the same neighborhoods. Arch Gen Psychiatry 55:393–401

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Swanson JW (1994) Mental disorder, substance abuse, and community violence: an epidemiological approach. In: Monaghan J, Steadman HF (eds) Violence and Mental Disorder: Developments in Risk Assessment. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, pp 101–136

    Google Scholar 

  • Tinklenberg JR, Roth WT, Kopell BS et al (1976) Cannabis and alcohol effects on assaultiveness in adolescent delinquents. Ann N Y Acad Sci 282:85–94

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • U.S. Department of Justice (2001) Family violence statistics: including statistics on strangers and acquaintances. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DC. Available at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/pdf/fvs02.pdf. Accessed October 6, 2005

  • Vaillant GE (1983) The Natural History of Alcoholism. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

    Google Scholar 

  • Vaillant GE (1995) The Natural History of Alcoholism Revisited. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

    Google Scholar 

  • Vaillant GE (2005) Alcoholics Anonymous: cult or cure? Aust N Z J Psychiatry 39:431–436

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Virkkunen M, Linnoila M (1990) Serotonin in early onset, male alcoholics with violent behavior. Ann Med 22:327–331

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Volavka J (2002) Neurobiology of Violence, 2nd ed. American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, DC

    Google Scholar 

  • Volavka J, Dornbush R, Feldstein S et al (1971) Marijuana, EEG and behavior. Ann NY Acad Sci 191:206–215

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Volavka J, Levine R, Feldstein S et al (1974) Short-term effects of heroin in man. Arch Gen Psychiatry 30:677–681

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Volpicelli JR, Alterman AI, Hayashida M et al (1992) Naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. Arch Gen Psychiatry 49:876–880

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Widom CS, Hiller-Sturmhofel S (2001) Alcohol abuse as a risk factor for and consequence of child abuse. Alcohol Res Health 25:52–57

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Witkiewitz K, Marlatt GA (2007) Therapist’s Guide to Evidence-Based Relapse Prevention. Elsevier Academic, Boston, MA, pp 50–54

    Google Scholar 

  • World Health Organization: Facts on child maltreatment and alcohol. n.d. Available at http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/world_report/factsheets/ft_child.pdf. Accessed March 2007

  • Zukin SR, Sloboda Z, Javitt DC (2005) Phencyclidine (PCP). In: Lowinson JH, Ruiz P, Millman RB et al (eds) Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Textbook, 4th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, pp 324–335

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer-Verlag Italia

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Burbach, R. (2014). Disturbi da abuso di sostanze. In: Valutazione e gestione della violenza. Springer, Milano. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-88-470-1738-2_8

Download citation