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Mente e cuore pp 163-180 | Cite as

Ostilità e cardiopatia

  • R. S. Jorgensen
  • R. Thibodeau
Chapter

Estratto

Per centinaia di anni e in diversi contesti culturali, il benessere sociale, psicologico e fisico è stato associato con l’equilibrio delle forze naturali presenti all’interno della persona [1, 2]. Il legame tra salute fisica, personalità e fattori emotivi è sempre stato evidente sin dagli albori della pratica medica, sino a risalire ad Ippocrate [3]. Per quel che concerne il sistema cardiovascolare, William Harvey, nel 1628, notò che qualsiasi “turbamento mentale” che induce piacere o determina uno stato affettivo doloroso influisce sull’attività del cuore. Nel 1910, Sir William Osler identificava i pazienti cardiaci come uomini estremamente ambiziosi con la tendenza a spingere i propri meccanismi corporei fino al limite [4]. Alexander [5] postulava che un’alta pressione sanguigna di origine sconosciuta (ipertensione essenziale o primaria) fosse prevalente tra le persone fortemente orientate al raggiungimento di un elevato status sociale e tendenti all’inibizione difensiva degli aspetti emotivi e cognitivi della rabbia. Con l’avanzare delle conoscenze nei campi della fisiologia, della psicologia, della medicina e della sociologia, le speculazioni prescientifiche del XIX e XX secolo hanno approfondito le indagini sul ruolo svolto dall’esperienza e dalla gestione delle emozioni nell’eziologia e nella fisiopatologia della malattia. Esiste un rilevante corpo di evidenze che mostra l’esistenza di un legame tra eventi stressanti e patologia cardiovascolare (cardiovascular disease, CVD); alcuni fattori psicologici quali ostilità, attitudine alla difesa sociale e sentimenti ed espressione della rabbia esercitano un effetto di mediazione su questo legame [6, 7, 8, 9, 10].

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. S. Jorgensen
    • 1
  • R. Thibodeau
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Health and Behavior and Department of PsychologySyracuse UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA

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