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Mente e cuore pp 343-362 | Cite as

Tecniche di rilassamento e ipnosi nella riabilitazione cardiaca

  • L. Bellardita
  • M. Cigada
  • E. Molinari

Estratto

È ormai riconosciuto come il funzionamento del sistema cardiovascolare sia ampiamente determinato da atteggiamenti personali, emozioni, ansia e disagio psicologico [1] Questo determina, nella pratica clinica, la necessità di interventi per la modificazione di comportamenti a rischio e per la gestione di problematiche di tipo psicologico. Tra i vari possibili approcci hanno trovato ampio spazio le tecniche che consentono il raggiungimento di uno stato di rilassamento, vale a dire una distensione fisiologica che riporta l’organismo in una condizione di equilibrio dopo il verificarsi di episodi disturbanti. Le tecniche di rilassamento e l’ipnosi sono divenute particolarmente rilevanti nei programmi di trattamento volti alla gestione dello stress ed alla ricostituzione dell’equilibrio omeostatico, dal momento che un continuo stato di arousal può determinare, a lungo andare, danni o malfunzionamenti a carico del sistema cardiovascolare. Molto spesso, nel campo della riabilitazione cardiaca, gli interventi di tipo psicologico sono stati basati sul modello cognitivo-comportamentale, centrato sulla #x201C;ristrutturazione” di credenze negative, relative a sé e all’ambiente, che emergono in presenza di eventi stressanti [2, 3]. A confronto con queste tecniche, le procedure di rilassamento e l’ipnosi hanno una caratteristica distintiva: invece di cercare di promuovere un’analisi critica delle reazioni allo stress e al disagio psicologico, l’obiettivo è quello di “aggirare” i processi mentali razionali.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bellardita
    • 1
  • M. Cigada
    • 2
  • E. Molinari
  1. 1.Universitá di BergamoUniversitá Cattolica di MilanoMilano
  2. 2.European School of Hypnotic PsychotherapyMilano

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