Surface Engineering by Changing the Composition

  • Dheerendra Kumar Dwivedi


Improvement in mechanical and tribological properties of the functional surfaces is sometimes achieved by changing chemical composition of near-surface layers with or without subsequent heat treatment. In this chapter, diffusion-based methods like carburizing, nitriding, boronizing, and cyaniding will be presented along with plasma- assisted carburizing and plasma-assisted nitriding. Additionally, vacuum-based surface modification techniques like physical vapor deposition (PVD), sputtering, ion implantation, ion beam-assisted deposition, and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) have also been described.

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© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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