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Heat and Soil Moisture Stress Differentially Impact Chickpea Plant Infection with Fungal Pathogens

Chapter

Abstract

Plants are often simultaneously exposed to multiple biotic and abiotic stresses resulting in substantial yield loss. Moreover, increase in the frequency of climate extremes is likely to influence the distribution, establishment and epidemiology of plant diseases. Emerging evidences suggest the changing scenario of diseases in chickpea, a grain legume largely grown in rain-fed environments. In this chapter, we have focused on the major and emerging soil-borne diseases in chickpea that are largely influenced by differential temperature and soil moisture stress. Changes in the disease spectrum in chickpea for the past one decade were monitored through extensive surveys. Analysis of disease and weather data indicated shift in the occurrence and distribution of chickpea diseases as well as emergence of new diseases. Dry root rot (Rhizoctonia bataticola) is becoming more intense in tropical humid areas under high temperature and soil moisture stress. Contrary to this, sporadic occurrence of collar rot (Sclerotium rolfsii) has been noticed under high soil moisture levels. Host resistance influenced by soil moisture levels and rise in temperature have also been discussed. Extensive research is required in this domain to develop adaptation and mitigation strategies for sustained food security. Breeding being an essential part of crop improvement needs to keep pace with these emerging diseases.

Keywords

Biotic stress Chickpea Climate change Host resistance Soil moisture  Temperature  

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are thankful to the Department of Science and Technology, Climate Change Division for partial funding support provided to conduct various research activities reported in this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)HyderabadIndia

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