Somatic Embryogenesis and Genetic Transformation of Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.)

  • Anelia IantchevaEmail author


The chapter summarizes the progress of somatic embryogenesis and genetic transformation of carnation obtained during the last 40 years. Factors that determine the processes of indirect and direct somatic embryogenesis of this ornamental plant are described and discussed. The present chapter outlines the current results in the field and focuses on the primary guidelines of genetic transformation of carnation. Future applications and intentions identified by Bulgarian research group in this direction have also been highlighted.


Carnation in vitro regeneration Somatic embryogenesis Genetic transformation 


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© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AgrobioinstituteSofiaBulgaria

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