Fruit Crops: Citrus

  • C. N. RaoEmail author
  • V. J. Shivankar
  • K. J. David
  • M. Mani
  • A. Krishnamoorthy


Mealybugs are destructive to citrus causing severe losses throughout the world. In the recent past, there is an upward trend in the build-up of mealybugs adversely affecting the growth of different citrus cultivars of all ages from young seedlings to grown-up trees across India, which occasionally attain epidemic forms. Among different mealybug species, the citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri; the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus; the spherical mealybug, Nipaecoccus viridis; the striped mealybug, Ferrisia virgata; and the oriental mealybug, Planococcus lilacinus are important in India. Planococcus citri is universally present on citrus. In general, the peak incidence of mealybugs on citrus is reported during summer months. Mealybug species on citrus, its damage, seasonal incidence, natural enemies, varietal tolerance/susceptibility and management methods like cultural, chemical and biological control reported world over have been compiled in this chapter


Natural Enemy Lady Beetle Citrus Orchard Insect Growth Regulator Permanent Establishment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. N. Rao
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. J. Shivankar
    • 1
  • K. J. David
    • 1
  • M. Mani
    • 2
  • A. Krishnamoorthy
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Citrus Research InstituteNagpurIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Horticultural ResearchBangaloreIndia

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