Design of a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)-Based Monitoring and Vehicle Management System
In this paper, a real-time RFID-based vehicle monitoring and management system has been proposed. The system is composed of a RFID-based monitoring sub-system and a vehicle management sub-system. In the RFID-based monitoring system, the whole transportation process and the situations in containers are both monitored. In the vehicle management system, there are two parts. One is static optimization for making an initial optimal schedule. A hybrid algorithm, combining genetic algorithm (GA) and heuristics, is applied for static optimization. The other part is dynamic optimization for adjusting decisions. The heuristics method is used for dynamic optimization by adjusting the schedule based on the information received from the RFID-based monitoring system in real time. A simulated case is studied to test the performance of the system. The result shows that the system can significantly reduce the loss caused by accidents.
KeywordsRFID Optimization Monitoring system Genetic algorithm
The authors wish to thank the Research Committee of The Northeastern University of the People’s Republic of China for their financial support of this research work (Grant No. N130404020).
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