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Phase Correlation Based Algorithm Using Fast Fourier Transform for Fingerprint Mosaicing

  • Satish H. Bhati
  • Umesh C. Pati
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 43)

Abstract

The fingerprint identification is a challenging task in criminal investigation due to less area of interest (ridges and valleys) in the fingerprint. In criminal incidences, the obtained fingerprints are often partial having less area of interest. Therefore, it is required to combine such partial fingerprints and make them entire such that it can be compared with stored fingerprint database for identification. The conventional phase correlation method is simple and fast, but the algorithm only works when the overlapping region is in the leftmost top corner in one of the two input images. However, it does not always happen in partial fingerprints obtained in forensic science. There are total six different possible positions of overlapping region in mosaiced fingerprint. The proposed algorithm solves the problem using the mirror image transformation of inputs and gives correct results for all possible positions of overlapping region.

Keywords

Cross power spectrum Fingerprint mosaicing Fourier transform Mirror image transformation Ridges and valleys 

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and CommunicationNational Institute of TechnologyRourkelaIndia

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