Overview on Location Management in PCS Network: A Survey

  • Abantika Choudhury
  • Abhijit Sharma
  • Uma Bhattacharya
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 43)


Location Management is an important and key issue in any wireless communication network to deliver the services of mobile user and the network needs to keep track of that mobile user constantly. Two methods for location management exist-Location update (LU) and Paging. Both location update and paging takes huge cost in terms of bandwidth, battery power, memory space, computing time etc. More location updates reduce cost of paging and the vice versa is also true. Since the LU cost is much higher than the cost of paging, this paper focuses on location management using LU only. A thorough study of different existing LU procedures of location management process in Personal Communication Service (PCS) network and its related research work are presented in this paper.


Location update Paging PCS HLR VLR 


  1. 1.
    Bhadauria, V.S., Sharma, S., Patel, R.: A Comparative study of location management schemes: challenges and guidelines. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. (IJCSE), 3, 7 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Biswash, S.Kr., Kumar, C.: Multi home agent and pointer based (MHA-PB) location management scheme in integrated cellular wireless LAN networks for frequent moving users. Comput. Commun. 33(Elsevier 7), 2260–2270 (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sangheon, P., Wojun, L.: Dual home agent (DHA)-based location management scheme in integrated cellular-WLAN networks. Comput. Netw. 52, 3273–3283 (2008)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chakraborty, S., De, D., Dutta, J.: An efficient management technique using frequently visited location areas and limited pointer forwarding Technique. In: International Conference on Advanced Communication Control and Computing Technologies (ICACCCT). IEEE (3) (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    An, N.T., Phuong, T.M.: A Gaussian Mixture Model for Mobile Location Prediction. ICACT (6) (2007)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhao, M., Wang, W.: A Unified Mobility Model for Analysis and Simulation of Mobile Wireless Network. Springer (10) (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bhadauria, V.S., Sharma, S., Patel, R.: Reducing Overhead in Movement Based Dynamic Location Management Scheme for Cellular Networks. Springer, New York (9) (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li, K.: Cost analysis and movement based location management schemes in wireless communication networks: a renewal process approach. Springer Science, Business Media (11) (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Majumder, K., Das, N.: Mobile user tracking using a hybrid neural network. Wireless Netw. 11(13), 275–284 (2005) (Springer Science)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yuan, Y., Zhang, Y., Hu, L., Huang, Y., Qian, M., Zhou, J., Shi, J.: An efficient multicast search scheme under 2D markov walk model. In: Proceedings in GLOBECOM IEEE (17) (2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zheng, J., Zhang Y., Wang, L., Chen, J.: Adaptive location update area design for PCS network under 2D Markov walk model. 1-4244-0419-3/06, IEEE (18) (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li, K.: Analysis of distance based location management in wireless communication network. IEEE Comput. Soc. (15) (2013)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhao, Q., Liew, S.C.: Location update cost of distance based scheme for PCS networks with CTRW model. IEEE Commun. Lett. 13(6) (2009)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jie, Y., Kadhim, D.J.: Performance evaluation of location management in GSM networks. IEEE (14) (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Biswas, S., Kumar, C.: An effective metric based location management scheme for wireless cellular networks. J. Netw. Comput. Appl. 34, Elsevier.(2), ISM Dhanbad, India (2011)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wang, X.: Impact of busy-line effect on the interservice time distribution and modeling of portable movements in PCS networks. IEEE Trans. Vehcular Technol. 59(2) (2010)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ali, S., Ismail, M., Mat, K.: Development of mobility management simulator for 3G cellular network. IEEE International Conferenc Telecommunication Malayasia International Conference on Communications, Malayasia (1) (2007)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vergados, D.D., Panoutsakopoulos, A., Douligeris, C.: Location management in 3G network using 2 level distributed database architecture. In: 18th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal Communication, Indoor and Mobile Radio communications (PIMRC) 1-4244-1144-0 (16) (2007)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Xiao, Y., Pan, Y., Li, J.: Design and analysis of location management for 3G cellular network. IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 15(4), 12 (2004)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vergados, D.D., Panoutsakopoulos, A., Douligeris, C.: Group registration with distributed databases for location tracking in 3G wireless network. Comput. Netw. 52(8), 1521–1544 (2008) (Sience Direct, Elsevier)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abantika Choudhury
    • 1
  • Abhijit Sharma
    • 2
  • Uma Bhattacharya
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Information TechnologyRCC Institute of Information TechnologyKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer ApplicationNational Institute of TechnologyDurgapurIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science and TechnologyIndian Institute of Engineering Science and TechnologyHowrahIndia

Personalised recommendations