Local Gabor Wavelet-Based Feature Extraction and Evaluation

  • T. Malathi
  • M. K. Bhuyan
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 43)


Feature extraction is an essential step in many image processing and computer vision applications. It is quite desirable that the extracted features can effectively represent an image. Furthermore, the dominant information visually perceived by human beings should be efficiently represented by the extracted features. Over the last few decades, different algorithms are proposed to address the major issues of image representations by the efficient features. Gabor wavelet is one of the most widely used filters for image feature extraction. Existing Gabor wavelet-based feature extraction methodologies unnecessarily use both the real and the imaginary coefficients, which are subsequently processed by dimensionality reduction techniques such as PCA, LDA etc. This procedure ultimately affects the overall performance of the algorithm in terms of memory requirement and the computational complexity. To address this particular issue, we proposed a local image feature extraction method by using a Gabor wavelet. In our method, an image is divided into overlapping image blocks, and subsequently each of the image blocks are separately filtered out by Gabor wavelet. Finally, the extracted coefficients are concatenated to get the proposed local feature vector. The efficacy and effectiveness of the proposed feature extraction method is evaluated using the estimation of mean square error (MSE), peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), and the correlation coefficient (CC) by reconstructing the original image using the extracted features, and compared it with the original input image. All these performance evaluation measures clearly show that real coefficients of the Gabor filter alone can effectively represent an image as compared to the methods which utilize either the imaginary coefficients or the both. The major novelty of our method lies on our claim—capability of the real coefficients of a Gabor filter for image representation.


Image feature extraction Gabor filter Image reconstruction 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyGuwahatiIndia

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