Wireless Personal Area Network and PSO-Based Home Security System

  • Anita Gehlot
  • Rajesh Singh
  • Piyush Kuchhal
  • M. S. Yadav
  • Mahesh Kr. Sharma
  • Sushabhan Choudhury
  • Bhupendra Singh
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 380)


For monitoring and controlling unwanted events like intrusion of burglars/thieves at home/locality/city, the security systems are much required. In this paper, an efficient and low-cost wireless security system is proposed with ZigBee and GSM modems. In the proposed system, city is divided into sections and sections into colonies/sectors. The section security system comprises multiple cluster nodes with one cluster head. Cluster nodes and cluster head are linked via ZigBee network. The cluster heads of all sections communicate with central control room (main server) of the city via GSM in order to make its coverage area large. The network optimization for efficient routing of the cluster node and cluster head is done using PSO algorithm. Cluster node is an embedded device connected with ZigBee modem and switches in each room as per user’s requirement. If there is an intrusion at home, in any locality of the city, the resident is to press the switch. This information is communicated by cluster node through ZigBee network to the corresponding cluster head which in turn communicates to the central control room (main server) via GSM network. Cluster head is equipped with audio alarm system like a hooter and this system is activated as soon as the switch in the cluster node is pressed. The identity of cluster node is conveyed to the cluster head via communication network. For future enhancement, the system in the cluster node may be fitted with other sensors like temperature, smoke, fire, etc., for detection of various hazardous conditions.


Cluster node GSM Security system Server ZigBee 


  1. 1.
    Qian, K., Ma, X., Peng, C., Qing, J., Mengyuan, X.: A ZigBee-based building energy and environment monitoring system integrated with campus GIS. Int. J. Smart Home 8(2), 107–114 (2014)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ranjitha Pragnya, K., Sri Harshini, G., Krishna Chaitanya, J.: Wireless home monitoring for senior citizens using ZigBee network. Adv. Electron. Electr. Eng. 3(3) 249–256. Research India Publications, ISSN 2231-1297Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Obaid, T., Rashed, H., El Nour, A.A., Rehan, M., Saleh, M.M., Tarique, M.: ZigBee based voice controlled wireless smart home system. Int. J. Wireless Mobile Netw. (IJWMN) 6(1) (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sathya Narayanan, V., Gayathri, S.: Design of wireless home automation and security system using PIC Microcontroller. In: International Journal of Computer Applications in Engineering Sciences Special Issue on National Conference on Information and Communication (NCIC’13), vol. III, Special Issue, Aug 2013, ISSN: 2231-4946Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Suneel Mudunuru, V., Narasimha Nayak, Madhusudhana Rao, G., Sreenivasa Ravi, K.: Real time security control system for smoke and fire detection using ZigBee. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Inf. Technol. 2(6), 2531–2540 (2011)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Primicanta, A.H., Nayan, M.Y., Awan, M.: ZigBee-GSM based automatic meter reading system. In: International Conference on Intelligent and Advanced Systems (ICIAS), 2010 15–17 June 2010. Print ISBN: 978-1-4244-6623-8Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, H.-C., Chang, L.-Y.: Design and implementation of a ZigBee-based wireless automatic meter reading system. Przeglad Elektrotechniczny (Electrical Review), ISSN: 0033-2097 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ahmad, A.W., Jan, N., Iqbal, S., Lee, C.: Implementation of ZigBee-GSM based home security monitoring and remote control system. In: IEEE 54th International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS) (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kanagamalliga, S., Vasuki, S., Vishnu Priya, A., Viji, V.: A ZigBee and embedded based security monitoring and control system. Int. J. Inf. Sci. Tech. (IJIST) 4(3) (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shanmugasundaram, M., Muthuselvi, G., Sundar, S.: Implementation of PIC16F877A based intelligent smart home system. Int. J. Eng. Technol. (IJET) 5(2) (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu, Z.: Hardware design of smart home system based on ZigBee wireless sensor network. In: AASRI Conference on Sports Engineering and Computer Science (SECS 2014), AASRI Procedia, vol. 8, pp. 75–81 (2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Singh, R., Kuchhal, P., Choudhury, S., Anita: Design and experimental evaluation of PSO and PID controller based wireless room heating system. Int. J. Comput. Appl. 107(5), 9–14 (2014). ISSN 0975-8887Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita Gehlot
    • 1
  • Rajesh Singh
    • 1
  • Piyush Kuchhal
    • 1
  • M. S. Yadav
    • 2
  • Mahesh Kr. Sharma
    • 3
  • Sushabhan Choudhury
    • 1
  • Bhupendra Singh
    • 4
  1. 1.University of Petroleum and Energy StudiesDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Kurukshetra UniversityKurukshetraIndia
  3. 3.CERRI PilaniPilaniIndia
  4. 4.Schemetics MicroelectronicsDehradunIndia

Personalised recommendations