Biodegradable Starch Nanocomposites

  • N. L. García
  • L. Famá
  • N. B. D’AccorsoEmail author
  • S. GoyanesEmail author
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 75)


Biodegradable thermoplastic materials offer great potential to be used in food packaging or biomedical industry. In this chapter we will present a review of the research done on starch and starch nanocomposites. In the case of nanocomposites based on starch, special attention will be given to the influence of starch nanoparticles, cellulose whiskers, zinc oxide nanorods, antioxidants, and antimicrobial inclusion on the physicochemical properties of the materials. The discussion will be focused on structural, mechanical, and barrel properties as well as on degradation, antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Finally, we will discuss our perspectives on how future research should be oriented to contribute in the substitution of synthetic materials with new econanocomposites.


Starch Nanocomposites Starch nanoparticles Cellulose Layered silicate Antioxidant nanofillers Antimicrobial nanofillers 



Tensile strength


Silver nanoparticles


Bamboo nanocrystals


Cellulose nanocrystals


Cellulose nanofibers


Cellulose nanowhiskers




Chitosan nanoparticles


Citric acid-modified starch nanoparticles


Carbon dioxide


Carboxymethylcellulose sodium




Dialdehyde starch


Flax cellulose nanocrystals


Hemp (Cannabis sativa) cellulose nanocrystals


Aspect ratio




Microcrystalline cellulose




Microfibrillated cellulose




Polylactic acid


Oxygen permeability


Polyvinyl alcohol


Reactive extrusion




Starch nanoparticles


Specific mechanical energy


Decomposition temperature


Glass transition temperature


Titanium oxide


Titanium oxide nanoparticles


Melting temperature


Thermoplastic starch


Water vapor permeability


Ultraviolet spectroscopy


Weight percentage


Zataria multiflora Boiss


Zinc oxide


Zinc oxide nanoparticles


Zinc oxide nanoparticles-carboxymethylcellulose sodium


Zinc oxide nanorods



The authors want to thank the National Scientific and Technical Research Council of Argentina, CONICET (PIP 2013-2015, 11220120100508CO and 11220110100370CO), the University of Buenos Aires (UBACYT 2011-2014, 20020100100350 and 200220100100142, and UBACYT 2012-2015, 20020110200196), and ANPCyT (PICT-2012-1093 and PICT-2012-0717), for their support.


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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIHIDECAR-CONICET; Departamento de Química Orgánica, FCEyN-UBACiudad Universitaria, 1428Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratory of Polymer and Composite Materials, Departamento de Física, FCEyN-UBACiudad Universitaria, 1428Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina
  3. 3.IFIBA-CONICETCiudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina

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