Authentication in Higher Region of Convergence of Z Transform Domain (AHRocZ)

  • Suman Mahapatra
  • J. K. Mandal
  • Madhumita Sengupta
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 340)


In this paper a novel technique for authentication has been proposed in composite real and imaginary components of Z transform domain in higher region of convergence \( (r = 2) \). Three bits from authenticating image are embedded into real as well as imaginary components of second, third and fourth transform domain coefficients keeping the low frequency component as it is and is used for adjustment. The proposed method obtain a good security in terms of robustness and sensitivity of Z transform in higher magnitude. A comparison has been made with existing methods such as AINCDCT (Authentication of images through non convoluted DCT, IEEE, pp. 1–4, 2011 [3]), Luo’s Method (Inf Sci 181:308–328, 2011 [4]), SCDFT (IEEE Trans Inf Forensics Secur 3(1):16–28, 2008 [5]) which shows better performance and visual quality.


Generalized forward Z transformation (GFZT) Generalized inverse Z transformation (GIZT) Mean square error (MSE) Peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) Image fidelity (IF) 



The authors express a sincere gratefulness towards the Department of CSE, University of Kalyani where all the computational resources required for the work are used and the PURSE scheme of DST, Government of India.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Mahapatra
    • 1
  • J. K. Mandal
    • 1
  • Madhumita Sengupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of KalyaniKalyani, NadiaIndia

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