Computer Based Self-Pacing Instructional Design Approach in Learning with Respect to Gender as a Variable

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 340)


Interactive individualized learning technologies and applications are probably one of the most significant innovations in the age of information revolution. However, Gender-based differences have not been considered as major variable in teaching-learning. Motivated by the gender differences this article reports the findings of the study that analyzed students’ gender differences in learning using interactive computer based instructional technology compared with traditional lecture based method of learning of Secondary students. The sample consisted of 120 students from different schools of West-Bengal (Eastern part of India). Each student completed a GIS (general information schedule), computer proficiency test, a prior knowledge test and post-test on geography. The finding of MANOVA result shows significant gender differences in different learning methods. This study also investigated gender differences in various learning objectives (factual, conceptual, and rules and principles knowledge). The MANOVA result shows significant difference in identification test which measured factual knowledge where female student performed better than male. In comprehension test which measured rules and principal, male student performed better than females. However, no significant difference were found in male and female student and they performed equally well in terminology test which measured the conceptual knowledge.


Computer based interactive instructional visualization Gender Method of instruction Learning objective 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EducationUniversity of Calcutta, Alipore CampusKolkataIndia
  2. 2.University of Calcutta, Alipore CampusKolkataIndia

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