Advertisement

The Roles of Engineering and Spirit in Product Design

  • S. Saleem AhmedEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 34)

Abstract

This is an exploratory study on the nature of product design in which the role of engineering is seen analogous to role of spirit (life). Within the domain of product design if Product Experience (Desmet and Hekkert in Int. J. Des. 1(1):57–66, 2007 [1]) is recognized as one part, then Product Entity is present as the other part. The physical, emotional, and mental aspects that make up three distinct experiences, namely aesthetic experience, emotional experience, and experience of meaning, within the Product Experience, are also present in the Product Entity as embodiments. Any experience, including Product Experience, is something only those who have spirit (life) can realize in the sense that we human beings understand. Any product entity becomes a reality only due to engineering. In other words, engineering enables something to be a product entity and spirit (life) enables something to be a product experience. Therefore, the role of engineering is that of an enabler of product embodiment much like the role of spirit (life) as an enabler in product experience. Understanding of this nature could possibly help tackling the issues in development of product designs better.

Keywords

Product entity Product experience Engineering Spirit 

References

  1. 1.
    Desmet, P., Hekkert, P.: Framework of product experience. Int. J. Des. 1(1), 57–66 (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Schifferstein, H.N.J., Hekkert, P.: Product Experience. Elseviers, UK, Netherlands (2008)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Desmet, P.: Designing Emotions. Delft University of Technology, Delft (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ocvirk, O.G., Stinson, R.E., Wigg, P.R., Bone, R.O., Cayton, D.L.: Art Fundamentals: Theory and Practice. McGraw-Hill, USA (2002)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Helandar, M.G., Tham: Hedonomics—affective human factors design. Ergonomics 46(13/14), 1269–1272 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jordan, P.W.: Pleasure with products: human factors for body, mind, and soul. In: Green, W.S., Jordan, P.W. (eds.) Human Factors in Product Design: Current Practice and Future Trends, pp. 206–217. Taylor & Frasis, London (1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tractinsky, N., Katz, A.S., Ikar, D.: What is beautiful is usable. Interact. Comput. 13(2), 127–145 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harman, W.: Global Mind Change. Knowledge Systems Inc, Indianapolis (1988)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Oliver, D.W.: Education, Modernity, and Fractured Meaning. University of New York Press, Albany (1989)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dabrowski, I.J.: David Bohm’s theory of the implicate order: implications for holistic thought processes. Issues Integr. Stud. 13, 1–23 (1995)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Alexander, C.: The Nature of Order, Book One—The Phenomenon of Life. The Center for Environmental Structure, Berkeley (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bertalanffy L.V: General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications. George Braziller, New York (1976)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hyland, D.A.: Plato and the Question of Beauty. Indiana University Press, Bloomington (2008)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wood, R.E.: Placing Aesthetics. Ohio University Press, Athens (1999)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baumgarten, A.: Aesthetica (1750) (The German Aesthetic Tradition, Kai Hammermeister. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2002)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Baumgarten, A.: Metaphysica (1739) (The German Aesthetic Tradition, Kai Hammermeister. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2002)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kant, I.: Critique of Pure Reason (1781) (Translation by Guyer, P., Wood, A.: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1998)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kant, I.: Critique of Judgment (1790) (Translation by Guyer, P., Mathews, E.: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2000)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Santayana, G.: The Sense of Beauty. Charles Scribner’s Sons, USA (1896)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Osborne, H.: Aesthetics and other forms of order. Brit. J. Aesthetics 22(1), 3–16 (1982)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Haines, V.: Aesthetic order. J. Value Inq. 28, 193–215 (1994)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lorand, R.: Aesthetic Order: A Philosophy of Order, Beauty, and Art. Routledge, London (2002)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Papenek, V.: Design for the Real World. Thames & Hudson, UK (1984)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CPDMIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations