Ergonomic Risk Assessment on Women Handloom Weavers in Assam with the Introduction of Jacquard

  • Sangeeta Pandit
  • Debkumar Chakrabarti
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 34)


Weaving was cultural and traditional activity, for every woman of Assam, which has now been transferred to commercialization. Earlier, weavers spend their leisure time in weaving as passion or for domestic needs. Now with commercialization, both time and competition plays an important role, giving rise to a new set of occupational issues. Introduction of Jacquard is the main difference between domestic and commercial frame-loom structure. The present study was conducted to find, effect of Jacquard on pedalling force with work-shift duration for commercial production. Weavers participated were from the Kamrup district of Assam, known for commercial production. Two way ANOVA was performed to see effect of two independent variables (pedal force and work shift) on a single dependent variable (lower limb pain). Significant increase of lower limb pain (LLP) was observed for both pedalling force (p < 0.001) and work shift duration (p < 0.001), but no relation was found between increased pedalling force and work-shift with LLP (p = 0.658).


Women weavers Handloom industry of assam Jacquard Lower limb pain 



Whole hearted cooperation of State Institute of Rural Management (SIRD), Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Institute of Rural Management (IRM), Artisans Cooperative Federation Limited (ARTFED), Fabric Plus (FP) and weavers and loom owners of Sualkuchi, Bijoynagar, Self-help group Dolgovindo (SHG) and Hajo is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sangeeta Pandit
    • 1
  • Debkumar Chakrabarti
    • 2
  1. 1.Visiting Faculty, Design DisciplineIIITDM JabalpurJabalpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of DesignIIT GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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