Aesthetic Design Optimization of a Sustainable Human Cum Electric Powered Vehicle Through Implication of Golden Ratio Perspectives

  • Sachin MishraEmail author
  • Pradeep Kumar
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 34)


The present research envisages the aesthetic design optimization strategy employed to achieve an aesthetically pleasing sustainable design of a Human cum Electric Powered Vehicle. The perspective of golden ratio is implicated as a tool for predicting, analyzing and iterating the design for an aesthetic and sustainable design. The vehicle—Vajrayana, is a two seater, tricycle with convertible rooftop cum wind shield type aerodynamic body. This paper is concerned, first with the problem of designing a streamlined vehicle shape having a convertible rooftop cum wind shield type aerodynamic body, followed by a sustainable artistic approach, to approximate, various iteration with golden ratio-especially in the form of the golden rectangle. The final design is simulated to validate that golden ratio, with the concept of sustainability and aerodynamics can be tailored to give pleasant vehicle design and overall performance.


Golden ratio Sustainable Aerodynamics Streamline 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringGautam Buddha UniversityGreater NoidaIndia

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