Optimization of Clustering in SPIN-C and LEACH for Data Centric Wireless Sensor Networks

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 335)


Routing the data in wireless sensor network (WSN) is a main issue in the guaranteed data transmission. Contextually, many algorithms consider the power and resource limitation, energy efficiency, scalability, attributes and location based with the assumption of homogeneous and heterogeneous distribution of nodes for data transferring. Therefore data dissemination is required to provide the effective data transmission from source node to sink node. This paper introduces the cluster head selection scheme used in SPIN to efficiently disseminate observations gathered by individual sensor nodes in the network. The paper proposes the cluster head selection scheme used in SPIN protocol and evaluated the performance of proposed protocol to prolong the time interval from the start of network operation till the death of the first node which is important reliable issues in wireless sensor networks for many feedback applications. The scheme is implemented and simulated with LEACH in NS2.34. Simulation shows proposed protocol exhibits significant performance gains over the LEACH for lifetime of network and guaranteed data transmission.


Wireless sensor networks Clustering Energy efficacy SPIN Data gathering Routing protocol 


  1. 1.
    Akyildiz, I., Su, W., Sankarasubramaniam, Y., Cayirci, E.: A survey on sensor networks. IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(8), 102–114 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tubaishat, M., Madria, S.: Sensor networks: an overview. IEEE Potential 22, 20–23 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Estrin, D., Govindan, R.: Next century challenges: scalable coordination in sensor networks. MobiCom 1999, 263–270 (1999)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rehna, Z., Roy, S.: A modified spin for wireless sensor network. IEEE Comput. Commun. Networking Technol. 4, 11–15 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Heinzelman, W.: Application—Specific Protocol Architectures for Wireless Networks. Ph.D Thesis, MIT (2000)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rehna, Z., Kumar, K.: Spin implementation in Tinny OS environment using nesC. In: Proceedings of 1st IEEE Conference Computing Communication and Networking Technologies (2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Carle, J., Simplot-Ryl, D.: Energy-efficient area monitoring for sensor networks. Computer 37, 40–46 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Anastasi, G., Conti, M., Francesco, M.D., Passarella, A.: Energy conservation in wireless sensor networks: a survey. Ad Hoc Netw. 7, 537–568 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Heinzelman, W.R., Chandrakasan, A., Balakrishnan, H.: Energy efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. In: Proceedings of 33rd Hawai International Conference on Systems Science, Ser. HICSS’00, vol. 8, pp. 10–20. IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    F.K and V.K The network Simulator Ns-2.
  11. 11.
    Chuang, P.J.: Efficient Data Gathering Scheme for Wireless Sensor Networks, pp. 370–379. Springer, Berlin (2005)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Karl, H., Willig, A.: Protocol and Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks. Wiley, London (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashutosh Tripathi
    • 1
  • Narendra Yadav
    • 2
  • Reena Dadhich
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ECEAmity University RajasthanJaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of CSESri Balaji Technical CampusJaipurIndia
  3. 3.Department of CSIUniversity of KotaKotaIndia

Personalised recommendations