Performance Analysis of IEEE 802.11 in the Presence of Hidden Terminal for Wireless Networks

Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 31)


IEEE 802.11 is the most important standard for wireless local area network (WLANs). In IEEE 802.11 the fundamental medium access control (MAC) scheme is the Distributed Coordination Function (DCF). DCF provides both Basic access and RTS/CTS (Request-to-send/ Clear-to-send) access. The previous work for DCF only provide analysis when all the nodes in WLAN lie in the carrier sense range of each other. In the real scenario of WLAN all the stations are in communication range of Access Point (AP) but not necessary with respect to each other, which results in hidden terminals (HT) and degrades the performance. This paper presents an accurate analytical model for DCF in presence of Hidden terminals through Markov Chain for throughput in unsaturated condition i.e. packet error, transmission error. This analytical model is suitable for both Basic access and RTS/CTS access mechanism and is evaluated by extensive simulation results using MATLAB simulator.


WLAN MAC DCF Basic access RTS/CTS Hidden terminals Unsaturated conditions 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringBanasthali VidhyapithTonkIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringGuru Jambheshwar University of Science and TechnologyHisarIndia

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