A Comparative View of AoA Estimation in WSN Positioning

  • Sharmilla Mohapatra
  • Sasmita Behera
  • C. R. Tripathy
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 33)


The location tracking becomes very useful aspect in security and data collection and communication based applications. The wireless sensors have got the preferable characteristics of low memory, low weight, and low power and low cost with its increasing speed of application. GPS location tracking system found to be inappropriate due to its line-of-sight and cost constraints. Hence techniques like AoA, ToA & RSS are in high demand for Position tracking of sensor nodes. But at the time of measurement of these above parameters there is a high chance that they get corrupted with the atmospheric impairments and multipath propagation errors resulting an erroneous location tracking. Here it’s a part of the survey of different non-GPS location estimation systems of wireless sensor nodes. This paper is mainly focusing the estimation of angle of arrival (AoA) in different scenarios using different methods for location tracking.




  1. 1.
    Niculescu, D., Nath, B.: Ad hoc positioning system (APS) using AOA. In: Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, pp. 1734–1743. San Francisco (Mar. 2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lenz, J., Edelstein, A.S.: Magnetic sensors and their applications. IEEE Sens. J. 6, 631–649 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    House, D.J., Heinemann, B.: Seamanship Techniques: Shipboard and Marine Operations, p. 341. Butterworth-Heinemann, UK (2004)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Balanis, C.A.: Antenna. Wiley, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lenz, J., Edelstein, A.S.: Magnetic sensors and their applications. IEEE Sens. J. 6, 631–649 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Priyantha, N.B., Chakraborty, A., Balakrishnan, H.: The cricket location-support system. In: Proceedings of the 6th ACM MOBICOM, Boston, MA (August 2000)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bulusu, N., Heidemann, J., Estrin, D.: GPS-less low cost outdoor localization for very small devices. In: IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, Special Issue on Smart Spaces and Environments (October 2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Oxygen home page.
  9. 9.
    Li, M., Lu, Y.: Intelligent Systems Centre, Nanyang Technological University 50, Nanyang Drive, Angle of Arrival Estimation for localization and communication in wireless networks, Singapore. In: 16th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO 2008), pp. 25–29. Lausanne, Switzerland (August 2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Priyantha, N.B., Miu, A., Balakrishnan, H., Teller, S.: The cricket compass for context-aware mobile applications. In: Proceedings of the 7th ACM MOBICOM Conference, Rome, Italy (July 2001)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yip, L., Comanor, K., Chen, J., Hudson, R.,Yao, K.,Vandenberghe, L.: Array processing for target DOA, localization and classification based on AML and SVM algorithms in sensor networks. In: Proceedings of IPSN’03, pp. 269–284. California (Apr 2003) Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Patwari, N., Joshua, N., Kyperountas, S., Hero, A.O., Moses, R.L., Correal, N.S.: Locating the nodes. IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 22, 54–69 (July 2005)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ash, J., Potter, L.: Sensor network localization via received signal strength measurements with directional antennas. In: Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Allenton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing, pp. 1861–1870. Champaign-Urbana, IL (Sept 2004)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gu, Z., Gunawan, E.: Radiolocation in CDMA cellular system based on joint angle and delay estimation. Wireless. Pers. Commun. 23, 297–309 (Mar 2002) Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liu, F., Wang, J., Sun, C., Du, R.: Spatial differencing method for DOA estimation under the coexistence of both uncorrelated and coherent signals. IEEE. Trans. Antennas. Propag, 60(4), 2052–2062 (April 2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen, H.C., Lin, T.H., Kung, H.T., Lin, C.K., Gwon, Y.: Determining RF angle of arrival using cots antenna arrays. In: A Field Evaluation, Military Communication Conference Organized by IEEE (2012)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Niculescu, D., Nath, B.: Ad hoc positioning system (APS). In: Proceedings of GLOBECOM, San Antonio (November 2001)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Eberhart, R.C., Kennedy, J.: A new optimizer using particle swarm theory. In: Proceedings of the 6th Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science, pp. 39–43. Nagoya, Japan (1995) Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bahl, P., Padmanabhan, V.N.: RADAR: An in-building RF-based user location and tracking system. In: Proceedings of IEEE INFO-COM. Tel-Aviv, Israel (March 2000)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharmilla Mohapatra
    • 1
  • Sasmita Behera
    • 1
  • C. R. Tripathy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringVeer Surendra Sai University of TechnologyBurlaIndia

Personalised recommendations