Capacity Estimation of RC Slab of a Nuclear Containment Structure Subject to Impact Loading

  • Hrishikesh SharmaEmail author
  • Santanu Samanta
  • Katchalla Bala Kishore
  • R. K. Singh
Conference paper


The failure of reinforced concrete (RC) structures is increasing day by day in all over the world due to different types of impact (such as aircraft impact, missile impact, fragment impact, small vehicle impact) and explosive loadings (blast loading). The number of occurrences of impact loading on the structures has increased exponentially. It can damage the structural components (beam, column, and slab) heavily and also cause the injuries to the mankind. Sometimes it is not possible to repair the whole structures. So it becomes an important issue at present time. This research estimates the capacity of RC slab as a nuclear containment structural component. The RC slab is designed as per current code and guidelines. A detailed finite element (FE) modeling of the RC slab is carried out in the present study. A full scale experiment is conducted on the RC slab to evaluate the strength of the RC slab in a similar mode of failure. Analytical calculations are performed to estimate the load carrying and displacement capacity of the RC slab. The analytical calculations and FE simulations are compared with the experimental investigation to find out the effect of single degree-of-freedom approximation, rate effect and other factors affecting the capacity of the RC slab during an impact event. This will facilitate the accurate estimation of the dynamic capacity of RC slab during an impact event. The results will help in modifying the code based provisions for analysis and design of structural members subject to impact loading.


RC slab Nuclear containment Finite element Impact Experiment 


  1. 1.
    Martin O (2011) Numerical analyses on the missile impact tests performed at VTT with in the benchmark project IRIS. European Commission, Joint Research Centre Institute for EnergyGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rashid JYR (2009) Failure analysis and risk evaluation of lifeline structures subjected to blast loading and aircraft/missile impact. International workshop on structural response to impact and blast, Haifa, IsrealGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sovacool BK (2011) Contesting the future of nuclear power: a critical global assessment of atomic energy. World Scientific, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Forasassi G, Lo Frano R (2011) Dynamic global structural response of an innovative Reactor Subjected to an aircraft impact. Nucl Eng Des 241(12):5245–5250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Saito H, Okamoto S, Kasai Y, Yoshimura M (1992) Loading tests and analyses of various types of reinforced concrete slab under different deformation speed. In: 10th world conference earthquake engineering, Balkema, RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Riera JD (1979) A critical reappraisal of Nuclear Power Plant safety against accidental aircraft impact. Nucl Eng Des 57:193–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Daudeville L, Malécot Y (2011) Concrete structures under impact. Eur J Environ Civil Eng 15(Suppl):101–140Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Livermore Software Technology Corporation (2003) LS-DYNA keyword user’s manual. Version 970, Livermore, CAGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Altair Computing (2003) HyperMesh Ver. 6.0 Basic Tutorial, Altair Engineering Inc., Troy, MIGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bangesh MYH, Bangesh T (2006) Explosion-resistant buildings, design, analysis and case studies. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rahaman IA, Zaidi AMA, Latif QB (2011) Review on empirical studies of local impact effects of hard missile on concrete structures. Int J Sustain Constr Eng Technol 1:73–98Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hrishikesh Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Santanu Samanta
    • 1
  • Katchalla Bala Kishore
    • 1
  • R. K. Singh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (IIT) GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia
  2. 2.RSDBhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)TrombayIndia

Personalised recommendations