CBAODV: An Enhanced Reactive Routing Algorithm to Reduce Connection Breakage in VANET

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 325)


Vehicular ad hoc networking (VANET) is a network that helps a vehicle to send information to nearby vehicles, and messages can be routed from vehicle to vehicle. In VANET, connection breakage (CB) is an important issue in the existing routing protocols such as ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV), DSR, and DSDV. In this paper, an enhanced reactive routing algorithm to reduce CB is proposed called as CBAODV based on AODV. The CBAODV allows route discovery and route maintenance, and it also reduces the CB. The experimental results are very promising as the proposed algorithm exhibits superior performance with respect to traditional AODV routing algorithm in terms of QoS metrics like end-to-end delay and packet delivery ratio. NS2 and MOVE tools are used as simulator to simulate the network and to prove the effectiveness of the research work.


VANET Reactive routing protocol AODV Connection breakage NS2 MOVE 


  1. 1.
    P. Rawat, K.D. Singh, H. Chaouchi, J.M. Bonnin, Wireless sensor networks: a survey on recent developments and potential synergies. J. Supercomput. 68, 1–48 (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Kumari, Survey on routing protocols in VANET. Int. J. Wired Wirel. Commun. 2(1) 7–11 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Altayeb, I. Mahgoub, A survey of vehicular ad hoc networks routing protocols. Int. J. Innov. Appl. Stud. 3(3), 829–846 (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Arul kumar, E. Raj, A simulation based study to implement intelligent transport systems concepts in VANETs using AODV routing protocol in NS2, in 4th International Conference on Advanced Computing (ICoAC), IEEE (2012), pp. 1–4Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Srinivasan, P. Kamalakkannan, Enhancing route maintenance in RSEA-AODV for mobile ad hoc networks, in 2013 7th International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Control (ISCO), IEEE (2013), pp. 464–469Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Jain, R. Gupta, T.K. Bandhopadhyaya, Performance analysis of proposed local link repair schemes for ad hoc on demand distance vector. Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Park, W. Kim, S. Jang, Improved AOMDV to increase path stability by utilizing the node mobility information in MANET, in 2013 International Conference on Information Networking (ICOIN), IEEE (2013), pp. 417–422Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Soni, B.K. Sarkar, A. Rajput, Improvising the ad hoc on demand distance vector routing protocol when nodes or links fails, in Proceedings of all India Seminar on Biomedical Engineering 2012 (AISOBE 2012) (Springer, Berlin, 2013), pp. 285–292Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Z.R. Zaidi, M. Portmann, W.L. Tan, Analysis of link break detection using HELLO messages, in Proceedings of the 14th ACM International Conference on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems (2011), pp. 143–150Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Q.J. Zhang, M.Q. Wu, Y. Zhen, C.L. Shang, AODV routing overhead analysis based on link failure probability in MANET. J. Chin. Univ. Posts Telecommun. 17(5), 109–115 (2010)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Iqbal, M.I.K. Babar, M.H. Zafar, M.F. Zuhairi, I-AODV: Infrastructure based Ad Hoc on-demand distance vector routing protocol for vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, in IEEE International Conference on Smart Instrumentation, Measurement and Applications (ICSIMA) (2013), pp. 1–5Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Spaho, M. Ikeda, L. Barolli, F. Xhafa, M. Younas, M. Takizawa. Performance evaluation of OLSR and AODV protocols in a VANET crossroad scenario, in IEEE 27th International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA) (2013), pp. 577–582 Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D.K. Soni, V.K. Patle, S. Kumar, Performance evaluation of CBR and TCP traffic models using AOMDV routing protocol in MANET. Res. J. Eng. Technol. 4(1), 9–11 (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Das, Sanjoy, R.S. Raw, I. Das, R. Sarkar, Performance analysis of routing protocols for VANETs with real vehicular traces, in Intelligent Computing, Networking, and Informatics, pp. 45–56. Springer, India (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceBishop Heber CollegeTrichyIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringBharathidasan UniversityTrichyIndia

Personalised recommendations