Advertisement

A Dual-band Z-shape Stepped Dielectric Resonator Antenna for Millimeter-wave Applications

  • Ashok Babu ChatlaEmail author
  • Sanmoy Bandyopadhyay
  • B. Maji
Chapter
Part of the Signals and Communication Technology book series (SCT)

Abstract

Dual-band antennas are important in communication systems which operate in more than one frequency band. In this paper, a dual-band z-shaped stepped dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) is presented for millimeter-wave (MMW) applications. There are a number of definitions describing antennas operating in the MMW bands. Most commonly, antennas operating in frequencies whose wavelengths are measured in millimeters (30–300 GHz) are referred to as MMW antennas. Here, a novel three-step z-shaped dielectric resonator antenna is excited by a simple microstrip line feeding mechanism. Simulation process was done by using a CST microwave studio suite 2010. The result shows that the proposed antenna achieves an impedance bandwidth from 57.14 to 61.04 GHz and 64.06 to 69.01 GHz covering 58.77 GHz (unlicensed) band allocated for the earth exploration-satellite (EES) (passive) and fixed mobile space research (passive) services radio astronomy and 66.07 GHz band also allocated for EES and fixed inter-satellite mobile except aeronautical mobile space research on a primary basis, but in this band, both active and passive operations are permitted. The proposed design can also be used for inter-satellite service applications which operate at 65–66 GHz. With these features, this design of z-shaped stepped DRA is suitable for dual-band wireless communication systems. The federal communications commission has allocated the frequency band from 57 to 64 GHz for unlicensed wireless systems. This system is primarily used for high-capacity, short-distance(less than 1 mile) communications by any one.

Keywords

Stepped DRA A simple microstrip line feed Earth exploration-satellite and space research services Inter-satellite services Millimeter-wave applications (57–64 GHz unlicensed) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

For our work, we wish to acknowledge the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering of National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, for helping us through out the project by giving us the good laboratory facility to continue our work in this field of a dual-band z-shaped stepped dielectric resonator antenna for millimeter-wave applications.

References

  1. 1.
    Petosa, A.: Dielectric Resonator Antenna Handbook. Artech House Publishers (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Luk, K.M., Leung, K.W.: Dielectric Resonator Antennas. Research Studies Press Ltd, Hertfordshire (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mongia, R.K., Bhartia, P.: Dielectric resonator antennas—a review and general design relation for resonant frequency and bandwidth. Int. J. Microw. Millimeter-Wave Computer-Aided Eng. 4(3), 230–247 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Petosa, A., Ittipiboon, A., Antar, Y.M.M., Roscoe, D., Cuhaci, M.: Recent advances in dielectric resonator antenna technology. IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 40(3), 35–48 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Richtmyer, R.D.: Dielectric resonators. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 391–398 (1939)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Long, S.A., McAllister, M.W., Shen, L.C.: The resonant cylindrical dielectric cavity antenna. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 31, 406–412 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Leung, K.W., Luk K.M., Yung E.K.N.: Spherical cap dielectric resonator antenna using aperture coupling. Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1366–1367 (1994)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mongia, R.K., Ittipiboon, A., Bhartia, P., Cuhaci, M.: Electric monopole antenna using a dielectric ring resonator. Electron. Lett. 29, 1530–1531 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lo, H.Y., Leung, K.W., Luk K.M., Yung, E.K.N.: Low-profile equilateral triangular dielectric resonator antenna of very high permittivity. Microwave Opt. Lett., 35(25), 2164–2165 (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Luk, K.M., Leung, K.W.: Dielectric Resonator Antennas. Research Studies Press Ltd, Baldock (2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Petosa: Dielectric Resonator Antenna Handbook, Artech House Publishers (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kishk, A.A., Antar, Y.M.M.: Dielectric resonator antennas, from J.L. Volakis: Antenna Engineering Handbook, Chapter 17, 4th edn., McGraw-Hill, USA (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Volakis, J.L.: Antenna Engineering Hand Book, 4th ednGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Alwis, G.: Murray Delahoy spectrum planning and Engineering Team Radio frequency planning Group Australian Communications Authority. 60 GHz Band Millimeter Wave Technology, Document: 3/04, Date: December 2004Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mongia, R.K., Ittipiboon, A.: Theoretical and experimental investigations on rectangular dielectric resonator antennas. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 1348–1356 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Buerkle, A., Sarabandi, K., Mosallaei, H.: Compact slot and dielectric resonator antenna with dual-resonance, broadband characteristics. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 53(3), 1020–1027 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Denidni, T.A., Rao, Q., Sebak, A.R.: Multi-eccentric ring slot-fed dielectric resonator antennas for multi-frequency operations. IEEE Int. Symp. Antennas Propag. 2, 1379–1382 (2004)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Denidni, T.A., Rao, Q.: Hybrid dielectric resonator antennas with radiating slot for dual-frequency operation. IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett. 3(1), 321–323 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Li, T.W., Sun, J.S.: Dual-frequency dielectric resonator antenna with inverse T-shape parasitic strip. In: IEEE Appl. v Comput. Electromagn. Soc. Int. Conf., Apr. 2005, pp. 384–387Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chatla, A.B., Bandyopadhyay, S., Maji, V.: A dual band z-shape stepped dielectric resonator antenna for millimeter wave applications. In: Proc. International Conference on Electronics and Communication Engineering (ICECE—2012), Vizag, India, 28–29 April, 2012, pp. 180–184Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Microwave Studio Version 3. CST GmbH, Darmstadt, GermanyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok Babu Chatla
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sanmoy Bandyopadhyay
    • 1
  • B. Maji
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyDurgapurIndia

Personalised recommendations