DNA-Based Cryptographic Approach Toward Information Security

  • Abhishek Majumdar
  • Tanusree Podder
  • Atanu Majumder
  • Nirmalya Kar
  • Meenakshi Sharma
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 308)


Cryptography is a science of encoding a secret message in a manner so that any other person other than the receiver and the sender cannot be able to decode it, whereas the steganography is the science of concealing the information in any other cover media so that an attacker cannot recognize the presence of the secret message inside the cover media. This paper proposes a method using combined technologies of cryptography and steganography by following the concept of genetic engineering based on the DNA. This approach will enhance the message security, which is the main concern in today’s world for message transmission. In this proposed algorithm, a long and strong 256-bit key is used for encryption with a strong new method of encryption, generation of DNA sequence, and a new method to conceal the encrypted DNA sequence to a cover image, which provides better security in the message against the intruders attack.


DNA sequence Key Nucleotide Steganography Cryptography 


  1. 1.
    Babaei, M.: A novel text and image encryption method based on chaos theory and DNA computing. Nat. Comput. 12, 101107 (2013). doi:  10.1007/s11047-012-9334-9. Springer Science + Business Media, Berlin
  2. 2.
    Abbasy, M.R., Manaf, A.A., Shahidan M.A: Data hiding method based on DNA basic characteristics. In: Ariwa, E., El-Qawasmeh, E. (Eds.): DEIS 2011, CCIS 194, pp. 5362. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hsu, H.S., Lee, R.C.T.: DNA based encryption methods. In The 23rd Work—shop on Combinatorial Mathematics and Computation Theory, National Chi Nan University Puli, Nantou Hsies, Taiwan 545, April 2006Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Roy, B., Majumder, A.: An improved concept of cryptography based on DNA sequencing. Int. J. Electron. Commun. Comput. Eng. 3(6), 1264–1267 (2012)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Roy, B., Rakshit, G., Singha, P., Majumder, A., Datta. D.: An improved symmetric key cryptography with DNA based strong cipher. In: International Conference on Device and Communication, BIT Mesra, Ranchi, Jarkhand, India, Feb 2011Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Khalifa, A., Atito, A.: High-capacity DNA-based steganography. In: The 8th International Conference and informatics and Systems (INFOS2012), IEEE, May 2012Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gehani, A., LaBean, T., Reif, J.: DNA-based cryptography. DI—MACS DNA based computers V, American Mathematical Society (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang, X., Zhang, Q.: DNA computing-based cryptography. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference, ISBN: 978-1-4244-3867-9/09 (2009)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Torkaman, M.R.N., Nikfard, P., Kazazi, N.S., Abbasy, M.R., Tabatabaiee, S.F.: Improving hybrid cryptosystems with DNA steganography. In: Ariwa, E., El–Qawasmeh, E. (eds.) DEIS 2011, CCIS 194, pp. 4252, 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chakraborty, S., Roy, S., Bandyopadhyay, S.K.: Image steganography using DNA sequence and sudoku solution matrix. Int. J. Adv. Res. Comput. Sci. Softw. Eng. 2(2), (2012)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhishek Majumdar
    • 1
  • Tanusree Podder
    • 2
  • Atanu Majumder
    • 2
  • Nirmalya Kar
    • 2
  • Meenakshi Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science and Engineering DepartmentSSCETBadhaniIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Technology AgartalaAgartalaIndia

Personalised recommendations