Modal Analysis of Hand-Arm Vibration (Humerus Bone) for Biodynamic Response Using Varying Boundary Conditions Based on FEA

  • Ashwani Kumar
  • Deepak Prasad Mamgain
  • Himanshu Jaiswal
  • Pravin P. Patil
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 308)


The main objective of hand-arm vibration (HAV) study is to identify the effect of vibration on human hand. Humerus bone is a long bone in the arm or forelimb that connects the shoulder to elbow. Free vibration analysis was performed to know the natural frequencies and natural vibration modes and identify the fracture location of the bone through the computer simulation based on FEA. Finite element analysis is an approximation technique used for the analysis of complex objects and geometries. The humerus bone analysis is subjected to free–free and fixed–fixed boundary conditions. For these two different boundary conditions, natural frequencies and natural vibration modes were identified. The mode shape shows that the natural frequency of free–free boundary condition varies from 0 to 1,185.3 Hz and for fixed–fixed boundary condition 943.36 to 7,703.9 Hz. On the basis of these two boundary conditions, mode shape is determined and fracture location can be easily notified. To prevent the fracture of humerus bone, external excitation frequency must be avoided to coincide with these natural frequencies. The results were compared with experimental results available in literature. For the design of humerus bone model, SOLID EDGE software is used and the model is imported in ANSYS R 14.5 (FEA based software) for the free vibration analysis.


Humerus bone FEA Vibration mode Natural frequency Fracture Boundary conditions 


  1. 1.
    Tiemessen, I.J.H., Hulshof, C.T.J., Frings-Dresen, M.H.W.: An overview of strategies to reduce whole-body vibration exposure on drivers: a systematic review. Int. J. Ind. Ergon. 37, 245–256 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ingólfsson, E.T., Georgakis, C.T., Jönsson, J.: Pedestrian-induced lateral vibrations of footbridges: a literature review. J. Eng. Struct. 45, 21–52 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lings, S., Leboeuf-Yde, C.: Whole-body vibration and low back pain: a systematic, critical review of the epidemiological literature 1992–1999. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 73, 290–297 (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huiskes, R., Chao, E.Y.S.: A survey of finite element analysis in orthopedic biomechanics: the first decade. J. Biomech. 16, 385–409 (1983)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khalil, T.B., Viano, D.C., Taber, L.A.: Vibrational characteristics of the Embalmed human femur. J. Sound Vib. 75, 417–436 (1981)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    SOLIDEDGE: Version 19.0 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zadpoor, A.A.: Finite element method analysis of human hand arm vibration. Int. J. Sci. Res. 16, 391–395 (2006)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    ANSYS R 14.5: Academic, structural analysis guide (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashwani Kumar
    • 1
  • Deepak Prasad Mamgain
    • 1
  • Himanshu Jaiswal
    • 1
  • Pravin P. Patil
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringGraphic Era UniversityDehradunIndia

Personalised recommendations