Environmentally Extended Social Accounting Matrix of India: Definition and Construction Methodology

  • Barun Deb Pal
  • Vijay P. Ojha
  • Sanjib Pohit
  • Joyashree Roy
Part of the India Studies in Business and Economics book series (ISBE)


The accounting for pollution-related activities within a social accounting matrix (SAM) framework is useful for analysis of environment-related issues. In this chapter, we describe the methodology one uses for accounting the same in a SAM framework. In other words, how to construct an environmentally extended SAM (ESAM), is spelt out in detail here. We have used this methodology to convert our constructed SAM into an ESAM. Basically, the ESAM presented in this chapter provides an integrated account for both economic transactions in monetary unit and flow of environmental substances in physical unit. Such integrated account in a consistent framework helps us to understand and quantify the linkages between economic activities and the flow of environmental substances.


ESAM SAM GHGs Environment India 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barun Deb Pal
    • 1
  • Vijay P. Ojha
    • 2
  • Sanjib Pohit
    • 3
  • Joyashree Roy
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Economic Studies and PolicyInstitute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC)BangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Management TechnologyGhaziabadIndia
  3. 3.CSIR–National Institute for Science Technology and Development Studies (CSIR-NISTADS)New DelhiIndia
  4. 4.Department of EconomicsJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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