Advertisement

Introduction

  • Ajit PalEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides an introduction to low-power, very-large-scale-integration (VLSI) circuits and systems, which we intend to present in this book. To put the reader in proper perspective, historical background of the evolution of metal–oxide–semiconductor (MOS) technology is presented. Then, to motivate the reader, need for low-power VLSI circuit realization is emphasized. In order to develop techniques for minimizing power dissipation, it is essential to identify various sources of power dissipation and different parameters involved in it. Various low-power design methodologies to be applied throughout the design process starting from system level to physical or device level to get an effective reduction of power dissipation are briefly introduced.

Keywords

Moore’s law Power dissipation Power density Energy consumption Switching power Short-circuit power Glitching power Subthreshold leakage Gate leakage Junction leakage 

References

  1. 1.
    Pal, A.: Microcontrollers: Principles and Applications, PHI Learning, India (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Raghunathan, A., Jha, N.K., Dey, S.: High-Level Power Analysis and Optimization. Kluwer, Norwell (1998)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bellamour, A., Elmasri, M.I.: Low Power VLSI CMOS Circuit Design, Kluwer, Norwell (1995)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chandrakasan, A.P., Brodersen, R.W.: Low Power Digital CMOS Design, Kluwer, Boston (1995)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Roy, K., Mukhopadhyay, S., Mahmooddi-Meimand, H.: Leakage Current Mechanisms and Leakage Reduction Techniques in Deep-Submicrometer CMOS Circuits, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol.91, no. 2, pp. 305–327 (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Science and EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations