Confronting the Past

  • Anita Sengupta


Chap. 3 deals with why the Turkish Model was offered as an alternative for the Turkic world and in this connection examines the linkages between the Ottoman and the Russian empires in terms of interactions between individuals and groups who straddled the two worlds and shared Pan-Turkic sentiments. Pan-Turkism as an ideology developed later among the intellectuals of the Ottoman Empire and then lost favor with the disintegration of the empire. However, it was revived within the context of a reappraisal of the Ottoman legacy in the 1990s. This understanding is important since it focuses attention on the numerous linkages that existed within the Ottoman world in terms of structures and institutions that were both cultural and economic. The residues of these structures, institutions, and movements remained unexplored through much of a period when the focus was on linkages with the West. However, contemporary exploration of connections for purposes ranging from a search for global legitimacy to access to oil and natural gas has meant that these residues have once again assumed relevance. This relevance is not just restricted to Turkey’s status within the international system and its access to membership of the European Union but is also an essential part of its own domestic discourse on identity.


Ottomanism Ottomanalgia Identity Pan-Turkism Ottoman historiography Paradigm of decline and negation 


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© Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies (MAKAIAS) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian StudiesKolkataIndia

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