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What Is the “Turkish Model?”

  • Anita Sengupta
Chapter

Abstract

Chapter 2 deals with varied understandings of the “Turkish Model” and how these often failed to deal with the complex realities within Turkey. It is generally agreed that there is no consensus about what the Turkish Model means. Perception about this varies, as do its connotations. Some definitions are based on Turkey’s confinement of Islam to the private domain while others focus on a constitutional system that guarantees Turkey’s secular character and an acknowledgement of the role of armed forces as guardians and protectors of the constitution. Among diverse understandings of the model, American policy makers emphasized Turkey’s secular and multi-party electoral system along with its market economy. From the American perspective, the Turkish military is the balancer against radical groups both from Marxist and radical Islamic ideologies.

Keywords

Turkish Model Ataturk Secularism Sufism New Islamism Turkish nationalism Zia Gokalp Democracy Conservative democracy Modernity Marginal groups Gezi Park 

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Copyright information

© Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies (MAKAIAS) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian StudiesKolkataIndia

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