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Phosphorus Deficiency in Plants: Responses, Adaptive Mechanisms, and Signaling

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Plant signaling: Understanding the molecular crosstalk

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) deficiency is a common nutritional factor limiting agricultural production around the globe. Application of phosphatic fertilizers is generally recommended to cope with P deficiency; however, low use efficiency of available P fertilizers both in calcareous and acid soils limits its viability and also had serious environmental concerns. Higher plants have adapted a number of mechanism to live with low available P in soil such as changes in root morphology and architecture, decreased growth rate, improved P uptake and utilization efficiency, and exudation of organic acids and enzymes to solubilize external inorganic and organic P compounds in the rhizosphere. Plant species and even cultivars widely differ in P efficiency because of differences in one or more of these mechanisms. Exploitation of these genetic variations among crop plants can sustain agricultural production. Understanding the mechanism involved in sensing P deficiency could facilitate selection, breeding, and genetic engineering approaches to improve crop production in P-stressed environments and could reduce dependence on nonrenewable inorganic P resources. In this chapter, we briefly reviewed the responses of P deficiency in higher plants, their adaptive mechanisms, and signaling pathways.

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Aziz, T., Sabir, M., Farooq, M., Maqsood, M.A., Ahmad, H.R., Warraich, E.A. (2014). Phosphorus Deficiency in Plants: Responses, Adaptive Mechanisms, and Signaling. In: Hakeem, K., Rehman, R., Tahir, I. (eds) Plant signaling: Understanding the molecular crosstalk. Springer, New Delhi. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-1542-4_7

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