Elected Women Members in the Union Parishad



This chapter assesses the impact of the 1997 reform on women’s political participation in the UP level in Bangladesh. Along with ascertaining the role of the reform on women’s involvement in political decision making, this chapter also deals with assessing the progress of women in their economic choices and societal freedom, since they receive honoraria and are required to be involved in societal affairs, as part of their job as representatives of the people. This chapter concludes that not much improvement has been made in the economic freedom of the women members as a result of the reform since the amount of money that they earn is spent by the male members for the maintenance of their families. Moreover, they have failed to dominate the family decisions. Women’s societal liberty has increased somewhat, and it is encouraging to note that the society has slowly started to accept women as members of the UP. On the other hand, no significant improvement has been noticed with regard to the women members’ involvement in the activities of the UP. In fact, they work in a hostile environment where they are perceived as inefficient and incapable by their male colleagues. They are always treated unequally during project distribution and membership distribution of various committees of the UP. Furthermore, their position as a minority has made them unsuccessful in influencing the decision-making process of the UP.


Representation Participation Economic sovereignty of women Societal Freedom of Women Members Religion Fundamentalism Purdah Freedom of movement Fatwa Women in local government decision making 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationUniversity of RajshahiRajshahiBangladesh

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