Megacities pp 223-243 | Cite as

Towards an Ecological Urbanism for Istanbul

Part of the Library for Sustainable Urban Regeneration book series (LSUR, volume 10)


Istanbul is one of the largest metropolitan areas of the world, a megacity with a population of about 12.5 million and a total area of approximately 5,000 km2. On the north–south axis, the metropolitan region stretches along the Bosphorus, a 30-km long stretch of water, which acts as a natural frontier between the European and the Asian continents. On its east–west axis, the city has expanded to 100 km in width (Fig. 10-1).


Foreign Direct Investment Urban Renewal Gated Community Urban Governance Squat Settlement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Akpınar I (2003) The building of Istanbul after the plan of Henri Prost 1937–1960: from secularisation to Turkish modernisation. PhD dissertation, University College, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayata S (2002) The new middle class and the joys of suburbia. In: Kandiyoti D, Saktanber A (eds) Fragments of culture: the everyday of modern Turkey. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, pp 25–42Google Scholar
  3. Bauman Z (2004) Wasted lives: modernity and its outcasts. Polity Press, MaldenGoogle Scholar
  4. Bozdoğan S (2001) Modernism and nation building: Turkish architectural culture in the Early Republic. University of Washington Press, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  5. Brenner N, Theodore N (2002) Spaces of neoliberalism: urban restructuring in Western Europe and North America. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Buğra A (1998) The immoral economy of housing in Turkey. Int J Urban Reg Res 22(2):282–302Google Scholar
  7. Caldeira T (2000) City of walls: crime, segregation, and citizenship in São Paulo. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  8. Candan AB, Kolluoğlu B (2008) Emerging spaces of neoliberalism: a gated town and a public housing project in Istanbul. New Perspect Turkey 39:5–46Google Scholar
  9. Çelik Z (1986) The remaking of Istanbul. University of Washington Press, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  10. Danış D, Pérouse J (2005) Zenginliğin Mekanda Yeni Yansımaları: Istanbul’da Güvenlikli Siteler. Toplum ve Bilim 104Google Scholar
  11. Davis M (1990) City of quartz: excavating the future in Los Angeles. Verso, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Dodd CH (1983) The crisis of Turkish democracy. Eothen Press, HuntingdonGoogle Scholar
  13. Fainstein S, Gordon I, Harloe M (eds) (1992) Divided cities: New York & London in the contemporary world. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  14. Gandy M (2006) Urban nature and the ecological imaginary. In: Heynen N, Kaika M, Swyngedouw E (eds) In the nature of cities: urban political ecology and the politics of urban metabolism. Routledge, London, pp 63–74Google Scholar
  15. Garreau J (1991) Edge city: life on the new frontier. Doubleday, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Graham S, Marvin S (2001) Splintering urbanism: networked infrastructures, technological mobilities and the urban condition. Routledge, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hackworth J (2007) The neoliberal city: governance, ideology, and development in American urbanism. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  18. Harvey D (1989) The condition of postmodernity: an inquiry into the origins of cultural change. Blackwell, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  19. Hautecoeur L (1960) l’oeuvre de Henri Prost: architecture et urbanisme. Academie d’Architecture, ParisGoogle Scholar
  20. Istanbul Greater Municipality Urban Planning Directorate (2009) 1/100.000 Ölçekli Istanbul Çevre Düzeni Planı. Istanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi, Imar ve Şehircilik Daire Başkanlığı, Şehir Planlama Müdürlüğü, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  21. Istanbul Municipality (1971) Greater Istanbul master plan report of 1971Google Scholar
  22. Izci R (2005) The impact of European Union on environmental policy. In: Adaman F, Arsel M (eds) Environmentalism in Turkey: between democracy and development? Ashgate, Aldershot, pp 87–100Google Scholar
  23. Jonas AEG, While A (2007) Greening the entrepreneurial city: looking for spaces of sustainability politics in the competitive city. In: Krueger R, Gibbs D (eds) The sustainable development paradox: urban political economy in the United States and Europe. Guildford Press, New York, pp 123–160Google Scholar
  24. Kaptan H, Enlil Z (2009) Istanbul: global aspirations and socio-spatial restructuring in an era of new internationalism. In: Sarkis H, Turan N (eds) A Turkish triangle: Ankara, Istanbul, and Izmir at the gates of Europe. Harvard Design School, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  25. Karpat K (1985) Ottoman population, 1830−1914: demographic and social characteristics. University of Wisconsin Press, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  26. Keyder C (1987) Political economy of Turkish democracy: 1950−1980. In: Schick IC, Tonak EA (eds) Turkey in transition: new perspectives. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 27–65Google Scholar
  27. Keyder C (1994) Globalization of a third-world metropolis: Istanbul in the 1980s. Review 17:383–421Google Scholar
  28. Keyder C (2000) Liberalization from above and the future of the informal sector: land, shelter, and informality in the periphery. In: Tabak F, Crichlow M (eds) Informalization: process and structure. Johns Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  29. Keyder C (2005) Globalization and social exclusion in Istanbul. Int J Urban Reg Res 29(1):124–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kurtuluş H (2005) Istanbul’da Kentsel Ayrışma: Mekansal Dönüşümde Farklı Boyutlar. Bağlam Yayıncılık, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  31. Lash S, Urry J (1987) The end of organized capitalism. University of Wisconsin Press, MadisonGoogle Scholar
  32. Marcuse P, van Kempen R (eds) (2002) Of states and cities: the partitioning of urban space. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  33. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2008) OECD Territorial reviews: Istanbul, Turkey. OECD Publishing, ParisGoogle Scholar
  34. Öncü A (1988) The politics of the urban land market in Turkey: 1950−1980. Int J Urban Reg Res 12(1):38–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Özdemir D (2002) The distribution of foreign direct investments in the service sector in Istanbul. Cities 19(4):249–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Piccinato L (1970) Istanbul Metropoliten Alan Planlama Çalısmaları. Mimarlık 70(5):55–78Google Scholar
  37. Sassen S (1991) The global city: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  38. Sayar Z (1954) Istanbul ve Civarı II. Arkitekt 267Google Scholar
  39. Tekeli I (1998) Türkiye’de Cumhuriyet Döneminde Kentsel Gelişme ve Kent Planlaması. In: Sey Y (ed) Bilanço’98: 75 Yılda Değişen Kent ve Mimarlık. Tarih Vakfı Yayınları, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  40. Tekeli I (ed) (2002) Türkiye için Sürdürebilir Kalkınma Öncelikleri: Dünya Sürdürülebilir Kalkınma Zirvesi için TUBA’nin Görüşü. TUBA, AnkaraGoogle Scholar
  41. Toprak Z (1992) Tarihsel Nüfusbilim Açısından Istanbul’un Nüfusu ve Toplumsal Topoğrafyası. Dünü ve Bugünüyle Toplum ve Ekonomi 3Google Scholar
  42. Turan N (2009) Geographic Istanbul: episodes in the history of a city’s relationship with its landscape. PhD dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  43. Türk Sanayicileri ve I˙ş¸ Adamları Derneği (TUSIAD) (1991) Towards the 21st century: a development strategy oriented to the future. TUSIAD Publications, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  44. Uzun N (2003) The impact of urban renewal and gentrification on urban fabric: three cases in Turkey. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 94(3):363–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zukin S (1995) The cultures of cities. Blackwell, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rice University School of ArchitectureHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations