The Bedford Institute of Oceanography: Current Program and Future Directions

  • Stephen B. MacPhee

Summary

The Bedford Institute of Oceanography (BIO) and its two associated laboratories, St. Andrews Biological Station and the Halifax Fisheries Research Laboratory, are funded by the Government of Canada through the Departments of Fisheries and Oceans, Energy, Mines and Resources, and Environment Canada. The Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) is the proprietor of BIO and the largest participant in the research program. The overall objective of the science program at BIO is to ensure that scientific information of the highest standard is available to the Government of Canada for use in developing policies, regulations, and legislation regarding the oceans and the living and nonliving resources contained in the oceans and in the sedimentary rocks below. There is a role to play in making this information available to the ocean industry and to the general public.

BIO is unique as a scientific institution in combining all disciplines of marine science in one location. Scientific teams investigate the physical and chemical properties of the ocean, the life within it, and the geology of the sea floor, the interactions between the oceans and the atmosphere and the oceans and the continent, and develop new methods and technology for investigating present day processes and past history. Institute scientists collaborate extensively with university, private industry, and government colleagues, nationally and internationally, by publishing in the primary literature, producing atlases, charts and other publications, transferring technology, and providing scientific advice.

With respect to future directions, our scientific program will continue to be multidisciplinary and will embrace not just knowledge available within national boundaries but global knowledge on important scientific issues. The trend towards major field experiments and numerical experimentation will continue through participation in projects such as the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), and Fisheries in a Changing Climate (FICC). Some of the specific laboratory themes will include (I) more emphasis on the development of instrumentation for acoustic studies on zooplankton biomass and production, (2) development of oceanographic data products to aid in stock assessment and monitoring environmental change, (3) cold water aquaculture diversification, (4) remote sensing, (5) ocean modelling, (6) improved estimates of carbon fixation and vertical fluxes in the North Atlantic, and (7) shoreline erosion studies.

Evaluation of hydrocarbon and mineral resource potential in the offshore will increasingly require sophisticated modelling to obtain an understanding of resource generation and accumulation. Research aimed at an improved understanding of the marine environment will allow society to make wise decisions on the exploitation of these resources and the preparation of appropriate scenarios for land use management and development of Canada’s offshore lands.

Key words

Oceanography Marine science Hydrography Bedford Institute of Oceanography Marine biology Coastal Zooplankton Aquaculture Operational oceanography Atlantic Geoscience Centre 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Department of Fisheries and Oceans (1989) Long-term production outlook for the Canadian aquaculture industry. Economic and Commerical Analysis Report No. 13. DFO, Ottawa, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hutchins RW (1990) Canada’s oceanic manufacturing and sery ices sector. A background analysis and report to the National Marine Council and the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, March 31, 1990. DFO, Ottawa, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (1984) Ocean science for the year 2000. UNESCO, Paris, p 95Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Petrie B, Drinkwater KF, Pettipas R (1991) Temperature and salinity variability at decadal time scales on the scotian shelf and in the Gulf of Maine. Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization Scientific Council Meeting, June 1991, NAFO SCR Doc. 91/86. NAFO, Dartmonth, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Silvert WL, Keizer PD, Gordon DC Jr, Duplisea D (1990) Modelling the feeding, growth and metabolism of cultured salmonids. International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES), Mariculture Committee, GM, 1990/F8, Sess. O. ICES, Copenhagen, DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Holliday DV, Pieper RE, Kleppel GS (1989) Determination of zooplankton size and distribution with multi-frequency acoustic technology. J Cons Int Explor Mer 46: 52–61Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cochrance NA, Sameoto D, Herman AW, Neilson J (1991) Multiple-frequency acoustic backscattering and zooplankton aggregations in the inner Scotian Shelf basins. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 48: 340–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sameoto DD, Jaroszynski LO, Fraser WB (1989) BIONESS, a new design in multiple net samplers. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 37: 722–724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Herman AW (1988) Simultaneous measurement of zooplankton and light attenuance with a new optical plankton counter. Cont Shelf Res 8: 205–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dietz RS (1970) The underwater landscape. In: Idyll CP (ed) The science of the sea. Thomas Nelson, London, pp 22–41Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Banic J, Sizgoric S, O’Neil R (1986) Scanning lidar bathymeter for water depth measurement. The Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellington, Wash., USA, pp 187–195 ( Laser radar technology and applications, SPIE vol 663 )Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Varma HP, Boudreau H, Prime W (1990) A data structure for Spatio-temporal databases. The International Hydrographie Review (Monaco) LXVII(1): 71–92Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bell RD, Chapeski RE, Crowther WS, Holman KR, Jackson DM, Orass SR (1989) Nautical chart production using digital data and interactive compilation. Lighthouse, ISSN 0711–5628, edn. 40, pp 25–29Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Canadian Hydrographie Service Electronic Chart Working Group (1991) The electronic chart in 1991—The CHS changing development role. Lighthouse, ISSN 0711–5628, edn. 43, pp 27–34Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Paulson AJ, Feely RA, Curl HC Jr, Crecelius EA, Romberg GP (1989) Separate dissolved and particulate trace metal budgets for an estuarine system: An aid for management decisions. Envir Pol 57: 317–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Morin PJ, Christian HA, Marsters J (1989) Geotechnical parameters for surficial sediments at the narwhal site, on the south-western grand banks of Newfoundland. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, March 19–23, 1989, Genoa, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Christian HA, Piper DJW, Armstrong R (1991) Strength and consolidation properties, Flemish Pass: Effects of biological processes. Deep-Sea Res 38 (6): 663–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Josenhans H, Zevenhuizen J, Veillette J (1991) Baseline marine geological studies off Grande Rivièrede la Baleine and Petite Rivière de la Baliene, southeastern Hudson Bay. In: Current Research, Part E. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada paper 91–1E: 347–354Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Miller AAL, Mudie PJ, Scott DB (1982) Holocene history of Bedford Basin, Nova Scotia: Foraminifera, dinoflagellate, and pollen records. Can J Earth Sci 19 (12): 2342–2367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vilks G, Rashild MA (1976) Post-glacial paleo-oceanography of Emerald Basin, Scotian Shelf. Can J Earth Sci 13 (9): 1256–1267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vilks G, MacClean B, Deonarine B, Currie CG, Moran K (1989) Late Quaternary paleoceanography and sedimentary environments in Hudson Strait. Géographie Physique et Quaternaire 43 (2): 161–178Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Shaw J, Forbes DL (1990) Relative sea-level change and coastal response, northeast Newfoundland. J Coastal Res 6(3):641–660 Fort Lauderdale, Florida ISSN 0749–0208Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen B. MacPhee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and OceansBedford Institute of OceanographyDartmouthCanada

Personalised recommendations