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Introduction

Chapter
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Part of the NIMS Monographs book series (NIMSM)

Abstract

This chapter begins by describing the importance of single crystals and crystal growth in solid-state research, the difference between single crystals and polycrystals, the size of single crystals needed for physical property measurements, and the types of crystals frequently studied by solid-state physicists. The uses of single crystals in solid-state chemistry, applied physics, and mineralogy are also discussed. An overview of flux growth is then presented, using the growth of ruby crystals as an example. Then, other methods of crystal growth, including crystal growth from the melts, solutions, and vapors, are described. The comparison between various techniques of crystal growth underscores the important features of flux growth in solid-state research. This chapter ends by providing various resources on flux growth, where the theories and practices of flux growth have been reported previously.

Keywords

Flux growth Solid-state research The physical property measurement system Crystal growth from high-temperature solutions 

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Copyright information

© National Institute for Materials Science, Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute for Materials ScienceTsukubaJapan

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