Biology of the Obligate Pollination Mutualism

  • Makoto KatoEmail author
  • Atsushi Kawakita
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


Most zoophilous plants are adapted to attract reliable pollination agents by providing floral rewards such as nectar and pollen and by advertising their flowers with nongreen color and nonleafy odor, and facilitate pollination by protruding styles and stamens from flowers. The great diversity of angiosperm flowers is believed to be a product of coevolution and codiversification between plants and their pollinators.


Active pollination behavior Breynia Epicephala Glochidion Gomphidium Phyllanthus Species specificity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Human and Environmental StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Center for Ecological ResearchKyoto UniversityOtsuJapan

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