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Influence of Land Use and Transport Policies on Women’s Labor Participation and Life Choices

  • Yubing XiongEmail author
  • Junyi Zhang
Chapter

Abstract

Across the whole world, gender inequality issues are serious, mainly because of traditional thinking about the role specification within a household. Within the context of urban policy, relevant studies are very limited. This chapter argues that women’s labor participation should be further promoted for not only achieving gender equality, but also realizing sustainable economic development. Based on an extensive literature review, a case study in Japan was conducted by considering women’s family responsibilities (especially, childcare), associated work–family conflict, time-related work–leisure conflict, and stress-related work–health conflict jointly. To examine women’s decisions on labor participation associated with other life choices, a recursive multiequation system is used. Applying such a modeling system have several advantages: (1) to identify the barriers to women’s labor participation in Japan after controlling for the effects of land use, transport, and life cycle stages; (2) to clarify the factors for women’s good quality of family life, leisure life, health life, and quality of life as a whole; and (3) to provide cross-sectoral policy implications for women’s labor participation and promotion of quality of life and work–life balance.

Keywords

Women Childcare Labor participation Life choices Conflicts in life Land use Transport Family life Leisure Health Life cycle stages Quality of life Japan Casual modeling 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Transportation and LogisticsEast China Jiao Tong UniversityNanchangChina
  2. 2.Hiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

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