Health-Related Life Choices

Chapter

Abstract

Health has been of growing interest for professionals in a variety of disciplines, including engineers and urban planners among many others. Urban and transport policies may be interlinked with health at many levels, directly or indirectly, because connections between life choices and health may be bidirectional. A healthy life means a balanced condition of not only physical health, but also mental and social health. However, existing studies have mainly focused on the physical health and ignored the mental and social aspects in people’s health-related quality of life (QOL). Therefore, this chapter makes a review of health behavior and health-related QOL with respect to health lifestyle habits, health promotion activities, active and non-active travel behavior (active travel refers to walking, bicycling and partially refers to use of transit systems), park usage, residential environment, and urban infrastructure. Lifestyle habits are reviewed by focusing on smoking, alcohol drinking, eating, sleeping, social contacts, and commuting, etc. Various future research issues are finally discussed.

Keywords

Physical health Mental health Social health Lifestyle habits Stage of change model Commuter paradox Active travel Residential environment Infrastructure Healthy city 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

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