Steam Reforming

  • Yusuke Shiratori
  • Quang-Tuyen Tran
  • Teppei Ogura
  • Osamu Higashi
  • Stephen M. LythEmail author
  • Masaki Tajima
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


This chapter introduces steam reforming, still the major method of large-scale hydrogen gas production. First, steam reforming of natural gas and its implementation as an industrial process is introduced. The combination of steam reforming with carbon capture is briefly discussed in order to make the process carbon-neutral. Finally, steam reforming of biofuels is considered.


Hydrogen production Steam reforming Hydrocarbons Natural gas Biofuels 


  1. 1.
    Asia biomass handbook (2008) The Japan Institute of Energy, Japan (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Surendra KC, Takara D, Hashimoto AG, Khanal SK (2014) Biogas as a sustainable energy source for developing countries: opportunities and challenges. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 31:846–859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li YY (2005) Methane fermentation technology and its application and prospects. JEFMA No. 53, pp 4–18 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weiland P (2010) Biogas production: current state and perspectives. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 85:849–860CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nakamura K, Kamagata Y (2006) Recent topics on methanogenic syntrophs. J Environ Biotechnol 5:81–89 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Adelekan BA (2012) Chapter 1. Potentials of selected tropical crops and manure as sources of biofuels. In: Kumar S (ed) Biogas. INTECH, pp 1–34Google Scholar
  7. 7., rural population, 2013.
  8. 8.
    Benjamin KS (2013) Confronting energy poverty behind the bamboo curtain: A review of challenges and solutions for Myanmar (Burma). Energy Sustain Dev 17:305–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fernandes SD, Trautmann NM, Streets DG, Roden CA, Bond TC (2007) Global biofuel use, 1850–2000. Glob Biogeochem Cycles 21(2)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dasgupta S, Deichmann U, Meisner C, Wheeler D (2005) Where is the poverty-environment nexus? Evidence from Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam. World Dev 33(4):617–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wertz-Kanounnikoff S, Kongphan-apirak M (2008) Reducing forest emissions in Southeast Asia, A review of drivers of land-use change and how payments for environmental services (PES) schemes can affect them. CIFOR Working paper No.41Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ministry of Forestry Myanmar (2005) National Action Program of Myanmar to Combat Desertification in the Context of UNCCDGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Prakash CG (2013) SNV supported domestic biogas programmes in Asia and Africa. Renew Energy 49:90–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bond T, Templeton MR (2011) History and future of domestic biogas plants in the developing world. Energy Sustain Dev 15:347–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gosens J, Lu Y, He G, Bluemling B, Beckers TAM (2013) Sustainability effects of household-scale biogas in rural China. Energy Policy 54:273–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Keovilay P (2012) Household biogas technology to improve rural livelihoods in Laos. J Dev Sustain Agric 7:158–163Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Thu CTT, Cuong PH, Hang LH, Chao NV, Anh LX, Trach NX, Sommer SG (2012) Manure management practices on biogas and non-biogas pig farms in developing countries—using livestock farms in Vietnam as an example. J Cleaner Prod 27:64–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
    San V, Ly D, Check NI, Check NI (2013) Assessment of sustainable energy potential of non-plantation biomass resources in Sameakki Meanchey District in Kampong Chhnang Province, Cambodia. Int J Environ Rural Dev 4–2:173–178Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sajjakulnukit B, Yingyuad R, Maneekhao V, Pongnarintasut V, Bhattacharya SC, Salam PA (2005) Assessment of sustainable energy potential of non-plantation biomass resources in Thailand. Biomass Bioenergy 29(3):214–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hosomi M (2014) Development of low environmental impact-systems to attain co-benefits piggery wastewater treatment and forage rice production. Final report of “Environmental research and technology development fund (1B-1103)”Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Silvestre G, Gómez MP, Pascual A, Ruiz B (2013) Anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure with rice straw: economic and energy feasibility. Water Sci Technol 67(4):745–755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Diep NQ, Fujimoto S, Minowa T, Sakanishi K, Nakagoshi N (2012) Estimation of the potential of rice straw for ethanol production and the optimum facility size for different regions in Vietnam. Appl Energy 93:205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    ACE Europe (2013) Mid-term Evaluation SNV programme 2007–2015, In-depth study of the Vietnamese Biogas ProgrammeGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Buysman E, Mol APJ (2013) Market-based biogas sector development in least developed countries—The case of Cambodia. Energy Policy 63:44–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    JIRCAS, Registration of a biogas CDM project in Viet Nam with the UNFCCC CDM Executive Board (CDM-EB), Research Highlights 2012 .
  27. 27.
    Shiratori Y, Ijichi T, Oshima T, Sasaki K (2010) Internal reforming SOFC running on biogas. Int J Hydrogen Energy 35:7905–7912CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Shiratori Y, Tuyen TQ, Kitaoka T, Higashi O, Chien DM, Huong DTT, Cong HT (2014) Sustainable development of rural area by effective utilization of bio-wastes with highly efficient fuel cell technology. In: The 23rd symposium on solid oxide fuel cells in Japan, Tokyo, 17 Dec 2014 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kimura S, Honda K, Kitamura K, Taniguchi I, Shitashima K, Tsujia T, Fujikawa S (2014) Preliminary feasibility study for on-site hydrogen station with distributed CO2 capture and storage system. Energy Procedia 63:4575–4584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Kitamura K, Jiang F, Valocchi AJ, Chiyonobu S, Tsuji T, Christensen KT (2014) The study of heterogeneous two-phase flow around small-scale heterogeneity in porous sandstone by measured elastic wave velocities and lattice Boltzmann method simulation. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 119(10):7564–7577CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yusuke Shiratori
    • 1
  • Quang-Tuyen Tran
    • 2
    • 7
  • Teppei Ogura
    • 3
    • 4
  • Osamu Higashi
    • 5
  • Stephen M. Lyth
    • 6
    Email author
  • Masaki Tajima
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.International Research Center for Hydrogen EnergyKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  3. 3.School of Science and TechnologyKwansei Gakuin UniversitySanda, HyogoJapan
  4. 4.Kyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School for International Development and CooperationHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  6. 6.International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER)Kyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  7. 7.Institute of Innovative Technology for the EarthKDX Toranomon Bldg.Minato-Ku, TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations