Steam Electrolysis

  • Hiroshige MatsumotoEmail author
  • Kwati Leonard
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


This chapter introduces steam electrolyzers for hydrogen production, beginning with the basic principles of operation. This is followed by a discussion of the types of cell components generally used and in commercially available devices, particularly the electrolyte and electrode materials. The efficiency is also explored. The use of alkaline water electrolysis in industry is discussed, and finally recent trends in research are explored.


Steam electrolysis Electrochemistry Hydrogen production Water splitting Electrochemical energy conversion 


  1. 1.
    Doenitz W et al (1980) Hydrogen production by high temperature electrolysis of water vapour. Int J Hydrogen Energy 5(1):55–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Badwal SPS (1992) Zirconia-based solid electrolytes: microstructure, stability and ionic conductivity. Solid State Ionics 52(1–3):23–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ishihara T, Matsuda H, Takita Y (1994) Doped LaGaO3 perovskite type oxide as a new oxide ionic conductor. J Am Chem Soc 116(9):3801–3803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Takahshi T, Iwahara H (1980) Protonic conduction in perovskites type oxides solid solutions. Rev Chim Miner 17(4):243–253Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Iwahara H, Esaka T, Uchida H, Maeda N (1981) Proton conduction in sintered oxides and its application to steam electrolysis for hydrogen production. Solid State Ionics 3–4:359–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Iwahara H, Yajima T, Hibino T, Ozaki K, Suzuki H (1993) Protonic conduction in calcium, strontium and barium zirconates. Solid State Ionics 61(1–3):65–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nomura K, Tanase S (1997) Electrical conduction behavior in (La0.9Sr0.1) MIIIO3−δ (MIII = Al, Ga, Sc, In, and Lu) perovskites. Solid State Ionics 98(3–4):229–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Okuyama Y, Ikeda S, Sakai T, Matsumoto H (2014) Incorporation of a proton into La0.9Sr0.1 (Yb1−xMx) O3−δ (M = Y, In). Solid State Ionics 262:865–869CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Matsumoto H, Shimura T, Iwahara H, Higuchi T, Yashiro K, Kaimai A, Kawada T, Mizusaki J (2006) Hydrogen separation using proton-conducting perovskites. J Alloy Compd 408–412:456–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Matsumoto H, Sakai T, Okuyama Y (2013) Proton-conducting oxide and applications to hydrogen energy devices. Pure Appl Chem 85(2):427–435Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Leonard K, Lee Y, Okuyama Y, Miyazaki K, Matsumoto H (2015) Influence of dopant levels on the hydration properties SZCY and BZCY proton conducting ceramics for hydrogen production. Int J Hydrogen EnergyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER)Kyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations