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Structural Aspects of C-Type Lectin Receptors

  • Atsushi Furukawa
  • Shunsuke Kita
  • Takashi Tadokoro
  • Hideo Fukuhara
  • Katsumi MaenakaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Numerous structural analyses (X-ray crystallography and NMR) of C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) have been performed, because CLRs are not only attractive as important molecules in immunity and infectious diseases but also as drug targets. In CLRs, high amino acid sequence similarity exists in the extracellular carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs), which are responsible for ligand binding. However, recent functional analyses of CLRs implied that these molecules recognize a wide variety of ligands in addition to saccharides, including glycopeptides, glycolipids, and proteins. In this chapter, we focus on structural studies of CLRs. We first summarize the structural features conserved among the CRDs and then describe how each C-type lectin receptor elegantly achieves its distinct ligand specificity, by illustrating the structural aspects of several representative CLRs.

Keywords

C-type lectin receptor Protein structure X-ray crystallography Innate immunity Carbohydrate recognition domain Protein–protein interaction Glycolipids Glycoprotein 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atsushi Furukawa
    • 1
  • Shunsuke Kita
    • 1
  • Takashi Tadokoro
    • 1
  • Hideo Fukuhara
    • 1
  • Katsumi Maenaka
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biomolecular Science, and Center for Research and Education on Drug Discovery, Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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