Evaluation of National Adaptation Planning: A Case Study in Indonesia

  • Masato KawanishiEmail author
  • Benjamin L. Preston
  • Nadia Amelia Ridwan


The present study aims to evaluate national adaptation planning, using the National Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation (RAN-API) in Indonesia as a case. In doing so, the current study applies the methodology used in Preston et al. (2011), where a set of 57 adaptation plans from three developed countries was evaluated against 19 planning processes. The same criteria and scoring system were applied to the current study to evaluate RAN-API, both as identified in its document and as viewed by the stakeholders. A desktop review and questionnaires were undertaken to this end. It was found that discrepancies exist between the status of RAN-API as documented and the stakeholders’ views of some criteria, suggesting that information or knowledge gaps may still exist despite the efforts made for stakeholder engagement. In some of the other criteria, the stakeholders’ views match the status as identified in the document. Most notably, they both agree that the weakness of RAN-API is related to limited consideration for non-climatic factors. While the development of RAN-API is a critical step taken in the country, the current study finds that there remains room for further improvement. The criteria or indicators to be used to assess the progress of RAN-API as a whole may need to be further elaborated.


Climate change National adaptation planning Monitoring and evaluation Criteria and indicators Mainstreaming Indonesia 



The authors are grateful to the staff at the JICA project “Capacity Development for Climate Change Strategies in Indonesia,” who helped in conducting questionnaires. This paper does not reflect any views of the organizations the authors belong to.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masato Kawanishi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benjamin L. Preston
    • 2
  • Nadia Amelia Ridwan
    • 3
  1. 1.Japan International Cooperation AgencyTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Climate Change Science Institute, Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Science Research ThemeOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  3. 3.RAN-API Secretariat OfficeBAPPENASJakartaIndonesia

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